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Harold Hitz Burton Papers M024

Title:
Harold Hitz Burton papers
Creator:
Burton, Harold H., (Harold Hitz), 1888-1964
ID:
M024
Date [inclusive]:
1927-1965, undated
Extent:
2.0 linear feet
Language:
English
Repository:
George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine 04011
Abstract:
Harold Hitz Burton's papers comprising professional correspondence; documents concerning judicial opinions, including memoranda, drafts, and printed opinions; speeches and notes; clippings; ephemera; and photographs.
Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Preferred Citation:

Harold Hitz Burton Papers, George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine.

Harold Hitz Burton (Bowdoin 1909) was born in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, on June 22, 1888. His father, Alfred Edgar Burton (Bowdoin 1878), Dean of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Bowdoin Overseer (1905-1935), accompanied Robert E. Peary on several North Pole expeditions. His mother, Gertrude Hitz, was daughter of the first Swiss Consul General to the United States. Burton's older brother, Felix Arnold Burton (Bowdoin 1907), designed the Alpha Delta Phi House (1924) and the Class of 1907 Gateway at Bowdoin. After graduating from Harvard Law School, Burton practiced corporate law in Cleveland, Ohio, and elsewhere. He served as an Ohio State Legislator (1929); Mayor of Cleveland (1935-1940); U.S. Senator from Ohio (1941-1945); and Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1945-1958). He taught for two years at Western Reserve University (1923-1925) and was a member of the Board of Overseers of Bowdoin College (1936-1964). In 1958 he was awarded the Bowdoin Prize. Burton married Selma Florence Smith in 1912. They had four children: Barbara, William (Bowdoin 1937), Deborah, and Robert (Bowdoin 1943). Harold Hitz Burton died of Parkinson's disease on October 28, 1964, in Washington, D.C.

The collection consists of professional correspondence; documents concerning judicial opinions, including memoranda, drafts, and printed opinions; speeches and notes; clippings; ephemera; and photographs. Notable correspondents include Thomas C. Clark, William O. Douglas, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Felix Frankfurter, Harry S. Truman and Earl Warren.

Organized into five series: Correspondence, 1933-1968, n.d.; Judicial Opinions, 1945-1957, n.d.; Speeches, 1927-1960, n.d.; Miscellaneous Material, 1918-1963, n.d.; and Photographs, 1943-1957, n.d.

Seventy-six volumes from Harold Hitz Burton's library are cataloged separately as part of the George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives' rare book holdings.

Corporate Name(s):
  • United States. -- Supreme Court.
Geographic Name(s):
  • Ohio -- Politics and government.
Personal Name(s):
  • Douglas, William O. -- (William Orville), -- 1898- -- Correspondence.
  • Douglas, William O. -- (William Orville), -- 1898-
  • Eisenhower, Dwight D. -- (Dwight David), -- 1890-1969 -- Correspondence.
  • Eisenhower, Dwight D. -- (Dwight David), -- 1890-1969
  • Frankfurter, Felix, -- 1882-1965 -- Correspondence.
  • Frankfurter, Felix, -- 1882-1965.
  • Truman, Harry S., -- 1884-1972 -- Correspondence.
  • Truman, Harry S., -- 1884-1972.
  • Warren, Earl, -- 1891-1974 -- Correspondence.
  • Warren, Earl, -- 1891-1974.
Subject(s):
  • Government, Politics, Law
  • Judges -- United States
  • Law -- United States.
  • Law offices -- Records and correspondence.
  • Legislators -- Ohio.
  • Legislators -- United States.
  • Speeches, addresses, etc.

Series Description:

This series contains official copies of professional correspondence from Burton's tenure as mayor of Cleveland, Ohio; U.S. Senator; and U.S. Supreme Court Justice. Correspondents include Dwight D. Eisenhower, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter, Lyndon B. Johnson, Harry S. Truman, and the Supreme Court of Justice in Quito, Ecuador.

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

1933 - 1968

Box 1 Folder 1-18

n.d.

Box 1 Folder 19

Series Description:

This series contains copies of judicial opinions written by Burton, including several drafts with edits to language and content. Some are fragments. Also included is a conference list from 1945.

Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Alphabetical list, summaries

Box 1 Folder 20

Allen v. DuPont, et.al. (No. 1009-Jan. 1948)

Box 1 Folder 21

Ballard v. U.S. (No. 37-Dec. 1946)

Box 1 Folder 22

Bridges v. U.S. (No. 548-1953)

Box 1 Folder 23

Bute v. Illinois (No. 398-Oct. term, 1947)

Box 1 Folder 24

California v. Zook (No. 355-1949)

Box 1 Folder 25

Conference list for week of Oct. 1, 1945

Box 1 Folder 26

Dartmouth College case

Box 1 Folder 27

District of Columbia v. Little (No. 302 - Oct. term, 1949)

Box 1 Folder 28

Donaldson v. Read Magazine, Inc., et.al. (No. 50-Oct. term, 1947)

Box 1 Folder 29

In the Matter of Durant (No. 19, Sept. 6, 1946)

Box 1 Folder 30

F.P.C. v. Niagara Mohawk Power Corp. (No. 28-Oct. term, 1953)

Box 1 Folder 31

Garner v. Bd. of Public Works of Los Angeles (No. 453-Oct. term, 1950)

Box 1 Folder 32

Haley v. Ohio (No. 51-Oct. term, 1947)

Box 1 Folder 33

Henderson v. U.S., et.al. (No. 25, Oct. term, 1949)

Box 1 Folder 34

Levinson v. Spector Motor Service (No. 22 Oct. term, 1946)

Box 1 Folder 35

Lichter v. U.S.; Pownall et. al. v. U.S.; Alexander Wool Co. v. U.S. (Nos. 105, 74, and 95-Oct. term, 1947)

Box 1 Folder 36

Louisiana v. Resweber, et.al. (No. 142-Oct. term, 1946)

Box 1 Folder 37

McCollum v. Board of Education (No. 90-1948)

Box 1 Folder 38

Markham v. Cabell (No. 76-Oct. term, 1945)

Box 1 Folder 39

Misc. drafts of opinions (complete and fragments)

Box 1 Folder 40

Misc. memoranda and correspondence (1947-1960)

Box 1 Folder 41

Myers v. Reading Co. (No. 367-Oct. term, 1946)

Box 1 Folder 42

N.L.R.B. v. Lion Oil Co. (No. 241)

Box 1 Folder 43

Order of United Commercial Travelers of America v. Wolfe (No. 32-Oct. term, 1946)

Box 1 Folder 44

Pyramid Motor Freight Corp.v. Ispass (No. 41-Oct. term, 1946)

Box 1 Folder 45

Rodgers v. U.S. (No. 58-Oct. term, 1947)

Box 1 Folder 46

Roland Electrical Co. v. Walling (No. 45-1946?)

Box 1 Folder 47

Rosenberg v. U.S. (Oct. term, 1952)

Box 1 Folder 48

Spiegel v. I.R.S.; I.R.S. v. Church (Nos. 52 and 96-Oct. term, 1947)

Box 1 Folder 49

Taylor v. Alabama (No. 721-Oct. term, 1947)

Box 1 Folder 50

U.S. v. Carmack (No. 40-Oct. term, 1946)

Box 1 Folder 51

U.S. v. E.I. du Pont de Nemourg and Co. (No. 3-1957)

Box 1 Folder 52

U.S. v. Kansas City Life Insurance Co. (No. 1-1950)

Box 1 Folder 53

U.S. v. Line Material Co., et.al. (No. 8-Oct. term, 1947)

Box 1 Folder 54

U.S. v. National Lead Co. (No. 89-Oct. term, 1946)

Box 1 Folder 55

U.S. v. Penn. Foundry and Mfg. Co. (No. 253-1949)

Box 1 Folder 56

U.S. v. Yellow Cab Co.; Capital Transit Co. v. U.S. (Nos. 218 and 204-Oct. term, 1950)

Box 1 Folder 57

Von Moltke v. Gilles (No. 73-Oct. term, 1947)

Box 1 Folder 58

Series Description:

This series contains speeches given at public events and ceremonies, such as Armistice Day and V-E Day; and political speeches, including his mayorial inaugural address, Republican endorsements, and interviews. The speeches were given throughout his career as Ohio state legislator, mayor of Cleveland, U.S. Senator from Ohio, and U.S. Supreme Court Justice.

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Access Restrctions:

No restrictions.

1927 - 1944 Jan

Box 1 Folder 59-104

1944 Mar - 1960

Box 2 Folder 1-16

n.d. [1931 - 1940]

Box 2 Folder 17

n.d. [1941 - 1945]

Box 2 Folder 18

n.d. [1941 - 1945]

Box 2 Folder 19

n.d. [1941 - 1945]

Box 2 Folder 20

n.d. [1941 - 1945]

Box 2 Folder 21

n.d. [1941 - 1945]

Box 2 Folder 22

n.d. [1945 - ]

Box 2 Folder 23

Series Description:

This series includes newspaper clippings; ephemera; invitations and programs, mainly to official events; a memo on and draft of "The Proposed Rule to Govern Condemnation Cases in District Courts," and other miscellaneous material. Also included are elecrostatic copies of some of the Burton materials at the Library of Congress.

Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Awards:

Box 1 Folio Folder 2

1937: Int'l Brotherhood of Firemen, Oilers, and Helpers - Honorary Life Membership

Box 1 Folio Folder 2

1947: American Hospital Association - Honorary Member

Box 1 Folio Folder 2

1953: American Legion 13th District Council

Box 1 Folio Folder 2

1953: Fenn College

Box 1 Folio Folder 2

1953: University of Toledo

Box 1 Folio Folder 2

1956: American Hospital Association - 10th Anniversary of Hill-Burton Act

Box 1 Folio Folder 2

1958: Bowdoin Prize

Box 1 Folio Folder 2

1958: Salvation Army

Box 1 Folio Folder 2

1959: YWCA Cleveland

Box 1 Folio Folder 2

1964: American Institute of Architects

Box 1 Folio Folder 2

1964: Cleveland Men's Club

Box 1 Folio Folder 2

1965: Greater Cleveland Veteran's Council Citation

Box 1 Folio Folder 2

Burton materials at the Library of Congress [no copying permitted]:

Box 2

Certificates, Correspondence, etc. [electrostatic copies]

Box 2 Folder 24

Vol. 1 [electrostatic copies]

Box 2 Folder 25

Vol. 2 [electrostatic copies]

Box 2 Folder 26

Vol. 3 [electrostatic copies]

Box 2 Folder 27

Vol. 4 [electrostatic copies]

Box 2 Folder 28

Vol. 5 [electrostatic copies]

Box 2 Folder 29

Clippings

Box 2 Folder 30

Ephemera

Box 2 Folder 31

Invitations and programs, 1943-1963

Box ?2 Folder 32-36

Invitations and programs, n.d.

Box 2 Folder 37-39

Manuscript notes

Box 2 Folder 40

Memo on and draft of the "Proposed Rule to Govern Condemnation Cases in the District Courts"

Box 2 Folder 41

Miscellaneous

Box 2 Folder 42

Presidential nomination and appointment to the U.S. Supreme Court

Box Ovrsize 1 Folder 1

Printed materials

Box 2 Folder 43

Statuette: Ivory elephant presented to Justice Burton

Box 1 MRealia

Series Description:

This series contains signed photographs of the Supreme Court justices for the years Burton was an associate justice, as well as signed photographs of Presidents Truman and Eisenhower, and several other photographs of judges and their wives.

Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Chief Justice Charles E. Hughes (signed); Supreme Court, 1943

Box 1 Folio Folder 3

Chief Justice Stone

Box 1 Folio Folder 3

Chief Justice Vinson

Box 1 Folio Folder 3

Chief Justice Warren (signed)

Box 1 Folio Folder 3

Judge Learned Hand (signed)

Box 1 Folio Folder 3

Justice C.J. Fuller (with accompanying letter)

Box 1 Folio Folder 3

Pres. Eisenhower (with accompanying clippings), Supreme Court, 1943

Box 1 Folio Folder 3

Pres. Truman (signed); Pres. Eisenhower

Box 1 Folio Folder 3

Supreme Court, 1946 (signed)

Box 1 Folio Folder 3

Supreme Court, 1949 (signed)

Box 1 Folio Folder 3

Supreme Court, 1953 (signed)

Box 1 Folio Folder 3

Supreme Court, 1955 (signed)

Box 1 Folio Folder 3

Supreme Court, 1956 (signed)

Box 1 Folio Folder 3

Supreme Court, 1957 (signed)

Box 1 Folio Folder 3

Wives of the Supreme Court (photograph and a published copy)

Box 1 Folio Folder 3
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