Summary Information

Repository
George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine 04011
Creator
Burton, Harold H., (Harold Hitz), 1888-1964
Title
Harold Hitz Burton papers
ID
M024
Date [inclusive]
1927-1965, undated
Extent
2.0 linear feet
Language
English
Abstract
Harold Hitz Burton's papers including professional correspondence; documents concerning judicial opinions, including memoranda, drafts, and printed opinions; speeches and notes; clippings; ephemera; and photographs.

Preferred Citation

Harold Hitz Burton Papers, George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine.


Biographical/Historical Note

Harold Hitz Burton (Bowdoin 1909) was born in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, on June 22, 1888. His father, Alfred Edgar Burton (Bowdoin 1878), Dean of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Bowdoin Overseer (1905-1935), accompanied Robert E. Peary on several North Pole expeditions. His mother, Gertrude Hitz, was daughter of the first Swiss Consul General to the United States. Burton's older brother, Felix Arnold Burton (Bowdoin 1907), designed the Alpha Delta Phi House (1924) and the Class of 1907 Gateway at Bowdoin. After graduating from Harvard Law School, Burton practiced corporate law in Cleveland, Ohio, and elsewhere. He served as an Ohio State Legislator (1929); Mayor of Cleveland (1935-1940); U.S. Senator from Ohio (1941-1945); and Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1945-1958). He taught for two years at Western Reserve University (1923-1925) and was a member of the Board of Overseers of Bowdoin College (1936-1964). In 1958 he was awarded the Bowdoin Prize. Burton married Selma Florence Smith in 1912. They had four children: Barbara, William (Bowdoin 1937), Deborah, and Robert (Bowdoin 1943). Harold Hitz Burton died of Parkinson's disease on October 28, 1964, in Washington, D.C.


Scope and Content

The collection consists of professional correspondence; documents concerning judicial opinions, including memoranda, drafts, and printed opinions; speeches and notes; clippings; ephemera; and photographs. Notable correspondents include Thomas C. Clark, William O. Douglas, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Felix Frankfurter, Harry S. Truman and Earl Warren.


Arrangement

Organized into five series: Correspondence, 1933-1968, n.d.; Judicial Opinions, 1945-1957, n.d.; Speeches, 1927-1960, n.d.; Miscellaneous Material, 1918-1963, n.d.; and Photographs, 1943-1957, n.d.


Administrative Information

Publication Information

George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine 04011 2011

3000 College Station
Brunswick, Maine, 04011
(207) 725-3288
scaref@bowdoin.edu

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.


Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • United States. -- Supreme Court.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Ohio -- Politics and government.

Personal Name(s)

  • Douglas, William O. -- (William Orville), -- 1898- -- Correspondence.
  • Douglas, William O. -- (William Orville), -- 1898-
  • Eisenhower, Dwight D. -- (Dwight David), -- 1890-1969 -- Correspondence.
  • Eisenhower, Dwight D. -- (Dwight David), -- 1890-1969
  • Frankfurter, Felix, -- 1882-1965 -- Correspondence.
  • Frankfurter, Felix, -- 1882-1965.
  • Truman, Harry S., -- 1884-1972 -- Correspondence.
  • Truman, Harry S., -- 1884-1972.
  • Warren, Earl, -- 1891-1974 -- Correspondence.
  • Warren, Earl, -- 1891-1974.

Subject(s)

  • Government, Politics, Law
  • Judges -- United States
  • Law -- United States.
  • Law offices -- Records and correspondence.
  • Legislators -- Ohio.
  • Legislators -- United States.
  • Speeches, addresses, etc.

Collection Inventory

M024.001: Correspondence, 1933-1968, n.d.   0.2 linear feet

Series Description:

This series contains official copies of professional correspondence from Burton's tenure as mayor of Cleveland, Ohio; U.S. Senator; and U.S. Supreme Court Justice. Correspondents include Dwight D. Eisenhower, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter, Lyndon B. Johnson, Harry S. Truman, and the Supreme Court of Justice in Quito, Ecuador.

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Box Folder
1 1-18

1933 - 1968 

1 19

n.d. 


M024.002: Judicial Opinions, 1945-1957, n.d.   0.4 linear feet

Series Description:

This series contains copies of judicial opinions written by Burton, including several drafts with edits to language and content. Some are fragments. Also included is a conference list from 1945.

Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Box Folder
1 20

Alphabetical list, summaries 

1 21

Allen v. DuPont, et.al. (No. 1009-Jan. 1948) 

1 22

Ballard v. U.S. (No. 37-Dec. 1946) 

1 23

Bridges v. U.S. (No. 548-1953) 

1 24

Bute v. Illinois (No. 398-Oct. term, 1947) 

1 25

California v. Zook (No. 355-1949) 

1 26

Conference list for week of Oct. 1, 1945 

1 27

Dartmouth College case 

1 28

District of Columbia v. Little (No. 302 - Oct. term, 1949) 

1 29

Donaldson v. Read Magazine, Inc., et.al. (No. 50-Oct. term, 1947) 

1 30

In the Matter of Durant (No. 19, Sept. 6, 1946) 

1 31

F.P.C. v. Niagara Mohawk Power Corp. (No. 28-Oct. term, 1953) 

1 32

Garner v. Bd. of Public Works of Los Angeles (No. 453-Oct. term, 1950) 

1 33

Haley v. Ohio (No. 51-Oct. term, 1947) 

1 34

Henderson v. U.S., et.al. (No. 25, Oct. term, 1949) 

1 35

Levinson v. Spector Motor Service (No. 22 Oct. term, 1946) 

1 36

Lichter v. U.S.; Pownall et. al. v. U.S.; Alexander Wool Co. v. U.S. (Nos. 105, 74, and 95-Oct. term, 1947) 

1 37

Louisiana v. Resweber, et.al. (No. 142-Oct. term, 1946) 

1 38

McCollum v. Board of Education (No. 90-1948) 

1 39

Markham v. Cabell (No. 76-Oct. term, 1945) 

1 40

Misc. drafts of opinions (complete and fragments) 

1 41

Misc. memoranda and correspondence (1947-1960) 

1 42

Myers v. Reading Co. (No. 367-Oct. term, 1946) 

1 43

N.L.R.B. v. Lion Oil Co. (No. 241) 

1 44

Order of United Commercial Travelers of America v. Wolfe (No. 32-Oct. term, 1946) 

1 45

Pyramid Motor Freight Corp.v. Ispass (No. 41-Oct. term, 1946) 

1 46

Rodgers v. U.S. (No. 58-Oct. term, 1947) 

1 47

Roland Electrical Co. v. Walling (No. 45-1946?) 

1 48

Rosenberg v. U.S. (Oct. term, 1952) 

1 49

Spiegel v. I.R.S.; I.R.S. v. Church (Nos. 52 and 96-Oct. term, 1947) 

1 50

Taylor v. Alabama (No. 721-Oct. term, 1947) 

1 51

U.S. v. Carmack (No. 40-Oct. term, 1946) 

1 52

U.S. v. E.I. du Pont de Nemourg and Co. (No. 3-1957) 

1 53

U.S. v. Kansas City Life Insurance Co. (No. 1-1950) 

1 54

U.S. v. Line Material Co., et.al. (No. 8-Oct. term, 1947) 

1 55

U.S. v. National Lead Co. (No. 89-Oct. term, 1946) 

1 56

U.S. v. Penn. Foundry and Mfg. Co. (No. 253-1949) 

1 57

U.S. v. Yellow Cab Co.; Capital Transit Co. v. U.S. (Nos. 218 and 204-Oct. term, 1950) 

1 58

Von Moltke v. Gilles (No. 73-Oct. term, 1947) 


M024.003: Speeches, 1927-1960, n.d.   0.8 linear feet

Series Description:

This series contains speeches given at public events and ceremonies, such as Armistice Day and V-E Day; and political speeches, including his mayorial inaugural address, Republican endorsements, and interviews. The speeches were given throughout his career as Ohio state legislator, mayor of Cleveland, U.S. Senator from Ohio, and U.S. Supreme Court Justice.

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Access Restrctions:

No restrictions.

Box Folder
1 59-104

1927 - 1944 Jan 

2 1-16

1944 Mar - 1960 

2 17

n.d. [1931 - 1940] 

2 18

n.d. [1941 - 1945] 

2 19

n.d. [1941 - 1945] 

2 20

n.d. [1941 - 1945] 

2 21

n.d. [1941 - 1945] 

2 22

n.d. [1941 - 1945] 

2 23

n.d. [1945 - ] 


M024.004: Photographs, 1943-1957, n.d.   15.0 items

Series Description:

This series contains signed photographs of the Supreme Court justices for the years Burton was an associate justice, as well as signed photographs of Presidents Truman and Eisenhower, and several other photographs of judges and their wives.

Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Box Folder
1 Folio 3

Chief Justice Charles E. Hughes (signed); Supreme Court, 1943 

1 Folio 3

Chief Justice Stone 

1 Folio 3

Chief Justice Vinson 

1 Folio 3

Chief Justice Warren (signed) 

1 Folio 3

Judge Learned Hand (signed) 

1 Folio 3

Justice C.J. Fuller (with accompanying letter) 

1 Folio 3

Pres. Eisenhower (with accompanying clippings), Supreme Court, 1943 

1 Folio 3

Pres. Truman (signed); Pres. Eisenhower 

1 Folio 3

Supreme Court, 1946 (signed) 

1 Folio 3

Supreme Court, 1949 (signed) 

1 Folio 3

Supreme Court, 1953 (signed) 

1 Folio 3

Supreme Court, 1955 (signed) 

1 Folio 3

Supreme Court, 1956 (signed) 

1 Folio 3

Supreme Court, 1957 (signed) 

1 Folio 3

Wives of the Supreme Court (photograph and a published copy) 


M024.005: Miscellaneous Material, 1918-1963, n.d.   0.6 linear feet

Series Description:

This series includes newspaper clippings; ephemera; invitations and programs, mainly to official events; a memo on and draft of "The Proposed Rule to Govern Condemnation Cases in District Courts," and other miscellaneous material. Also included are elecrostatic copies of some of the Burton materials at the Library of Congress.

Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Box Folder
1 Folio 2

Awards: 

1 Folio 2

1937: Int'l Brotherhood of Firemen, Oilers, and Helpers - Honorary Life Membership 

1 Folio 2

1947: American Hospital Association - Honorary Member 

1 Folio 2

1953: American Legion 13th District Council 

1 Folio 2

1953: Fenn College 

1 Folio 2

1953: University of Toledo 

1 Folio 2

1956: American Hospital Association - 10th Anniversary of Hill-Burton Act 

1 Folio 2

1958: Bowdoin Prize 

1 Folio 2

1958: Salvation Army 

1 Folio 2

1959: YWCA Cleveland 

1 Folio 2

1964: American Institute of Architects 

1 Folio 2

1964: Cleveland Men's Club 

1 Folio 2

1965: Greater Cleveland Veteran's Council Citation 

Box
2

Burton materials at the Library of Congress [no copying permitted]: 

Box Folder
2 24

Certificates, Correspondence, etc. [electrostatic copies] 

2 25

Vol. 1 [electrostatic copies] 

2 26

Vol. 2 [electrostatic copies] 

2 27

Vol. 3 [electrostatic copies] 

2 28

Vol. 4 [electrostatic copies] 

2 29

Vol. 5 [electrostatic copies] 

2 30

Clippings 

2 31

Ephemera 

?2 32-36

Invitations and programs, 1943-1963 

2 37-39

Invitations and programs, n.d. 

2 40

Manuscript notes 

2 41

Memo on and draft of the "Proposed Rule to Govern Condemnation Cases in the District Courts" 

2 42

Miscellaneous 

Ovrsize 1 1

Presidential nomination and appointment to the U.S. Supreme Court 

2 43

Printed materials 

Box
1 MRealia

Statuette: Ivory elephant presented to Justice Burton