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Thomas Carlyle Letters M043

Title:
Thomas Carlyle letters
Creator:
Carlyle, Thomas, 1795-1881
ID:
M043
Date [inclusive]:
1820-1854, undated
Extent:
0.25 linear feet
Language:
English
Repository:
George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine 04011
Abstract:
The collection consists almost entirely of letters (1820-1854) from Carlyle to his friend, William Graham (b.1770), a Scottish shipping merchant and, later, gentleman sheep farmer; together with typescripts of Graham's letters to Carlyle.
Preferred Citation:

Thomas Carlyle Letters, George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine

Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881) was a Scottish-born British essayist and historian educated at the University of Edinburgh. As a young man he worked as a teacher and schoolmaster (1814-19), studied law and tutored privately (1819-24), but was unsatisfied with the work and turned to writing. In 1834 he moved to London where he established himself as one of the foremost authors and men of letters of his day.

German language and literature always held a special place in Carlyle's heart; he published an English translation of Goethe's Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship in 1824. This and other early writings for the London Magazine and the Edinburgh Review were the beginnings of his literary career. Other works included Sartor Resartus (1836), The French Revolution (1837), On Heroes and Hero-Worship (1841), Oliver Cromwell's Letters and Speeches (1845), Latter-Day Pamphlets (1850) and History of Friedrich the Second, Called Frederick the Great (1858-65).

Carlyle married Jane Welsh in 1826 and, though theirs was a stormy and difficult marriage, he never fully recovered from her death in 1866. He published Letters and Memorials of Jane Welsh Carlyle in 1883.

The collection consists almost entirely of letters (1820-1854) from Carlyle to his friend, William Graham (b.1770), a Scottish shipping merchant and, later, gentleman sheep farmer; together with typescripts of Graham's letters to Carlyle. Many of these letters have been published in the Letters of Thomas Carlyle to William Graham (1950).

Information on Carlyle's works is available in the papers of Isaac Dyer. Dyer was his first bibliographer.

1820 Sep 15

Box 1 Folder 1

1820 Oct 19

Box 1 Folder 2

1821 Jan 28

Box 1 Folder 3

1821 Apr 24

Box 1 Folder 4

1821 Jun 12

Box 1 Folder 5

1821 Dec 15

Box 1 Folder 6

[1822 Jul]

Box 1 Folder 7

1822 Oct 30

Box 1 Folder 8

1822 Dec 21

Box 1 Folder 9

1823 Apr 24

Box 1 Folder 10

1831 Oct 17

Box 1 Folder 11

1834 Aug 5

Box 1 Folder 12

1834 Sep 14

Box 1 Folder 13

1834 Dec 24

Box 1 Folder 14

1835 Jan 10

Box 1 Folder 15

1835 Sep 25

Box 1 Folder 16

1838 May 10

Box 1 Folder 17

1840 Oct 31

Box 1 Folder 18

1842 Mar 21

Box 1 Folder 19

1843 Feb 27

Box 1 Folder 20

1843 Dec 20

Box 1 Folder 21

1844 Mar 29

Box 1 Folder 22

1849 Nov 8

Box 1 Folder 23

1854 Feb 19 [Thomas?] Carlyle to [William Graham?]

Box 1 Folder 24

1854 Apr 11 [Thomas?] Carlyle to [William Graham?]

Box 1 Folder 25

Monday Night [n.d.]

Box 1 Folder 26

[n.d.]

Box 1 Folder 27

1820-1835: William Graham to Thomas Carlyle, typescript copies [49 pp.]

Box 1 Folder 28

J.A. Fraude to [?], November 30, [n.y.]

Box 1 Folder 29
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