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Leonard Woods Collection M190

Title:
Leonard Woods collection
Creator:
Woods, Leonard, 1807-1878
ID:
M190
Date [bulk]:
Bulk, 1818-1879
Date [inclusive]:
1818-1964, (bulk 1818-1879)
Extent:
0.75 linear feet
Language:
English
Repository:
George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine 04011
Abstract:
Letters, images, articles, clippings, and other materials (1832-1964) relating to Leonard Woods. The bulk of the correspondence is between Woods and members of the Trustees, Overseers, and faculty of Bowdoin College.
Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Preferred Citation:

Leonard Woods Collection, George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine

Leonard Woods, the fourth president of Bowdoin College, was born in Newbury, Massachusetts, on November 24, 1807. Woods was the fourth of ten children of Abbie Wheeler Woods and the Rev. Leonard Woods, who was the first professor in the Theological Seminary at Andover, Massachusetts. After preparing for college at Phillips Andover Academy, Woods matriculated at Dartmouth in 1824. He later switched to Union College, where he earned a reputation as a Greek scholar, graduating in 1827. He received advanced degrees from Colby (D.D., 1839), Harvard (D.D., 1846), and Bowdoin (LL.D., 1866). Only 32 years old, Woods became one of the youngest college presidents in the United States when he accepted the presidency at Bowdoin in 1839, a position he held until 1866. During his tenure the College completed the construction of Adams and Appleton Halls as well as the Chapel. A bachelor all his life, Leonard Woods died in Boston, Massachusetts, December 24, 1878.

Letters, images, articles, clippings, and other materials (1832-1964) relating to Leonard Woods. The bulk of the correspondence is between Woods and members of the Trustees, Overseers, and faculty of Bowdoin College. Most of the material in the collection concerns Woods' activities as President of the College, particularly his acceptance and resignation of this position, and the College's declaration of denominational status in 1846.

Series Description:

Letters to and from Leonard Woods, spanning the years 1832 to 1874. The bulk of the correspondence is between Woods and members of the Boards (Trustees and Overseers) of Bowdoin College and chiefly concerns three issues: Woods' acceptance and resignation of the presidency and the College's declaration of denominational status in 1846. Notable correspondents include Robert Hallowell Gardiner (Overseer 1811-1841; Trustee 1841-1860) and faculty members Parker Cleaveland and Calvin Ellis Stowe.

Also included are fourteen letters written by or to the Reverend Leonard Woods, Sr., father of President Woods, dating from 1818-1839.

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Rev. Leonard Woods, Sr., to "Dear Sir" [Samuel Farrar, Esq.]. 3 January 1818 [1p.]

Box 1 Folder 1

Rev. Leonard Woods, Sr., to "My Dearly Beloved Sir" [Hon. S. Van Rensselaer] Andover, Mass, 21 December 1829 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 2

John A. Yates to Leonard Woods, [Schenectady, NY]. 6 November 1832 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 3

John A. Yates to Leonard Woods, [Schenectady, NY]. 5 December 1832 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 4

Leonard Woods to "Dear Sir," Bangor. 28 October 1836 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 5

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir," Brunswick. 9 August 1838 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 6

Asa Cummings to "Rev. Dr. Woods, [Sr.]," Portland. 9 May 1839 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 7

David Shepley to "Very Dear Sir" [Rev. Dr. Woods, Sr.], North Yarmouth [Maine]. 9 May 1839 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 8

R.H. Gardiner to "My Dear Sir" [Rev. Dr. Woods, Sr.], Brunswick. 9 May 1839 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 9

[Rev. Thomas Curtis] to "My Dear Sir" [Leonard Woods], Augusta. 10 May 1839 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 10

Rev. Thomas Curtis to "Revd and Dear Sir" [Rev. Dr. Woods, Sr.], Augusta [Maine]. 10 May 1839 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 11

Rev. Thomas Upham to "Dear Sir" [Rev. Dr. Woods, Sr.], Brunswick. 10 May 1839 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 12

Rev. J.W. Ellingwood to "Dear Brother" [Rev. Dr. Woods, Sr.], Bath [Maine]. 10 May 1839 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 13

J.W. French to Leonard Woods, Portland. 10 May, 1839 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 14

George E. Adams to "Rev. & Dear Sir" [Rev. Dr. Woods, Sr.], Brunswick. 13 May, 1839 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 15

George E. Adams to Leonard Woods, Brunswick. 13 May 1839 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 16

Thomas Upham to "Dear Sir" [Rev. Dr. Woods, Sr.], Brunswick. 16 May 1839 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 17

Asa Cummings to "My Dear Sir" [Rev. Dr. Woods, Sr.], Portland. 18 May 1839 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 18

Parker Cleaveland to "My Dear Sir" [Rev. Dr. Woods, Sr.], Brunswick. 18 May 1839 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 19

Asa Cummings to "My Dear Sir" [Rev. Dr. Woods, Sr.], Portland. 22 May 1839 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 20

Jonathan Page, George E. Adams, etc. [Overseers] to Leonard Woods, Brunswick. 22 May 1839 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 21

C.E. Stowe to Leonard Woods, Philadelphia. 24 May 1839 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 22

Enoch Pond to Leonard Woods, Bangor. 7 June 1839 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 23

Leonard Woods to William P. Preble, R.H. Gardiner, and Benjamin Tappan, Bangor. 22 June 1839 [9p.]

Box 1 Folder 24

C.S. Daveis to Leonard Woods, Portland. 27 June 1839 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 25

Tho[mas] C. Upham to Leonard Woods, Brunswick. 3 July 1839 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 26

Parker Cleaveland to Leonard Woods, Brunswick. 30 July 1839 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 27

Leonard Woods to Parker Cleaveland, Bangor. 2 August 1839 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 28

C.S. Daveis to Leonard Woods, Portland. 7 August 1839 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 29

Benjamin Tappan to Leonard Woods, Augusta. 14 August 1839 [1p.]

Box 1 Folder 30

Edmund Quincy to Leonard Woods, Boston. 16 August 1839 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 31

Parker Cleaveland to Leonard Woods, Brunswick. 19 August 1839 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 32

Rev. Leonard Woods, Sr. To Asa Cummings, Andover [Mass], with note to overseers. 28 August 1839 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 33

Leonard Woods to William King, Brunswick. 6 November 1839 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 34

Leonard Woods to Robert H. Gardiner, Brunswick. 26 November 1839 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 35

William P. Preble to Leonard Woods, Portland. 5 June 1840 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 36

Leonard Woods to the Trustees and Overseers of Bowdoin College, [n.p.]. 1 September 1840 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 37

Leonard Woods to Robert Hallowell Gardiner, Paris [France]. 26 January 1841 [8p.]

Box 1 Folder 38

H.H. Boody, Oliver Means, and Joseph Bartlett to Leonard Woods, Brunswick. 24 August 1841 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 39

Leonard Woods to John L. Layward, etc., Comm. of the Bangor Lyceum, Brunswick. 30 September 1841 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 40

Leonard Woods to [Robert Hallowell Gardiner], Brunswick. 23 November 1841 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 41

Leonard Woods to Mr. H.E. Prentiss, Brunswick, 16 December, 1841 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 42

Leonard Woods to Robert Hallowell Gardiner, Brunswick. 4 January 1842 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 43

Leonard Woods to Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, Boston. 3 February 1843 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 44

Leonard Woods to [?], Brunswick. 3 February 1843 [1p.]

Box 1 Folder 45

Leonard Woods to Robert Hallowell Gardiner, Brunswick. 7 October 1843 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 46

Leonard Woods to Robert Hallowell Gardiner, Brunswick. 15 February 1844 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 47

Henry Flagg to Leonard Woods, Bangor. 13 July 1844 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 48

John Anderson to Leonard Woods, Portland. 17 July 1844 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 49

John Anderson to Leonard Woods, Portland. 20 July 1844 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 50

Leonard Woods to [Robert Hallowell Gardiner], Brunswick. 21 August 1844 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 51

Leonard Woods to [Robert Hallowell Gardiner], Brunswick. 11 November 1844 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 52

Leonard Woods to [Robert Hallowell Gardiner], Brunswick. 25 November 1844 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 53

John Anderson to Leonard Woods, Portland. 27 November 1844 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 54

John Anderson to Leonard Woods, Portland. 31 March 1845 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 55

John Anderson to Leonard Woods, Portland. 4 April 1845 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 56

Robert Hallowell Gardiner to Leonard Woods, Gardiner [Maine]. 31 October 1854 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 57

Charles G. Lorriy [?] to Leonard Woods, Boston. 12 November 1845 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 58

Charles G. Lorriy [?] to Leonard Woods, Boston. 1 December 1845 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 59

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 9 December 1845 [1p.]

Box 1 Folder 60

C.S. Daveis to Leonard Woods, Portland. 10 June 1846 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 61

Copybook of letters bt. Woods and members of the Boards & Faculty regarding Bowdoin's denominational status Aug.- Dec., 1846

Box 1 Folder 62

Leonard Woods to [Robert Hallowell Gardiner?], Brunswick. 6 August 1846 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 63

Leonard Woods to Robert Hallowell Gardiner, Brunswick. 16 November 1846 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 64

Leonard Woods to [Robert Hallowell Gardiner?], Brunswick. 29 November 1846 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 65

Charles S. Daveis & William Swan to Leonard Woods, Portland. 14 December 1846 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 66

J.W. Ellingwood to "Dear Sir" [Leonard Woods?], Bath. 8 July 1847 [1p.]

Box 1 Folder 67

J.W. Ellingwood to Leonard Woods, Bath. 21 July 1847 [1p.]

Box 1 Folder 68

Leonard Woods to [Robert Hallowell Gardiner?], Brunswick. 11 December 1848 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 69

Leonard Woods to "My dear Sir," Brunswick. 21 October 1849 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 70

Joseph Howard to Leonard Woods, Portland. 15 June 1850 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 71

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 15 July 1850 [1p.]

Box 1 Folder 72

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 5 August 1852 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 73

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 13 August 1853 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 74

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir" [Bellamy Storer?], Brunswick. 9 June 1854 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 75

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Friend", Boston. 14 January 1855 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 76

Leonard Woods to [Robert Hallowell Gardiner?], Brunswick. 24 July 1857 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 77

Leonard Woods to [Robert Hallowell Gardiner?], Brunswick. 27 July 1857 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 78

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 19 October 1857 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 79

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 29 October 1857 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 80

Leonard Woods to [Robert Hallowell Gardiner?], Brunswick. 30 November 1857 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 81

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 5 December 1857 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 82

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 17 December 1857 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 83

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 3 February 1859 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 84

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 6 July 1859 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 85

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 10 July 1859 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 86

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 10 August 1859 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 87

D.R. Goodwin to "My Dear Sir", North Berwick [Maine]. 12 August 1859 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 88

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", New York. 31 December 1859 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 89

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 31 January 1860 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 90

Leonard Woods to "Respected and Dear Sir," Brunswick. 26 March 1860 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 91

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. [?] June, 1860 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 92

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 12 June 1860 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 93

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 20 July 1860 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 94

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir" [J.W. Ellingwood?], Brunswick. 28 July 1860 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 95

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir" [J.W. Ellingwood?], Brunswick. 9 August 1860 [7p.]

Box 1 Folder 96

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 12 November 1860 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 97

P.A. Chadbourne to Leonard Woods, [n.p.]. [1860?] [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 98

Leonard Woods to "Honored and Dear Sir," Brunswick. 27 March 1861 [6p.]

Box 1 Folder 99

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir" [Robert Hallowell Gardiner?], Brunswick. 4 July 1862 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 100

Leonard Woods to George A. Thatcher, Brunswick. 21 July 1862 [1p.]

Box 1 Folder 101

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir" [Robert Hallowell Gardiner?], Brunswick. 2 April 1863 [6p.]

Box 1 Folder 102

Isaac Adams to Leonard Woods, Sandwich, N.H. 19 September 1863 [4p. w/env.]

Box 1 Folder 103

John O. Fiske to Leonard Woods, Bath. 21 March 1866 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 104

Samuel Harris to Leonard Woods, Bath. 28 June 1866 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 105

John Pike to "My Dear Sir" [Leonard Woods], Rowley [Maine]. 29 June 1866 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 106

Leonard Woods to Ether Shepley and George Evans, Brunswick. 2 July 1866 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 107

Ether Shepley and George Evans to "The Trustees and Overseers of Bowdoin College," Portland. 3 July 1866 [2p.]

Box 1 Folder 108

George Evans to Leonard Woods, Portland. 11 July 1866 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 109

Drafts of letters concerning President Woods' resignation, 1866

Box 1 Folder 110

Leonard Woods to John Rogers, Brunswick. 11 January 1869 [1p.]

Box 1 Folder 111

Leonard Woods to John Rogers, Brunswick. 28 July 1869 [1p.]

Box 1 Folder 112

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Mr. Kidder", Brunswick. 20 November 1870 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 113

Leonard Woods to "My Dear Sir", Brunswick. 30 July 1873 [4p.]

Box 1 Folder 114

Leonard Woods to William A. Wheeler, Brunswick. 24 February 1874 [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 115

Leonard Woods to "Dear Sir" [John Rogers], [n.p.]. [n.d.] [3p.]

Box 1 Folder 116

Leonard Woods to [Richard H. Dana], [n.p.]. [n.d.] [1p. fragment]

Box 1 Folder 117

Leonard Woods to [?], [n.p.] [n.d.] [1p.]

Box 1 Folder 118

Series Description:

Photographs, engravings, and two daguerreotypes, all of Leonard Woods. The images span the bulk of his presidency and consist mostly of head-shots, except where noted.

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

ca.1845. 1 piece: 1 daguerreotype

Box 2 Folder 1

ca.1845. 1 piece: 1 daguerreotype, presented by Marvin Sadik, 1964

Box 2 Folder 2

ca.1845. 6 pieces: 6 engravings by J.C. Buttre from a daguerreotype

Box 2 Folder 3

ca.1845. 1 piece: 1 photograph of Buttre engraving

Box 2 Folder 4

ca.1850. 5 pieces: 5 photographs (copies) (subject facing right)

Box 2 Folder 5

ca.1850. 2 pieces: 2 photographs (copies) (subject facing left)

Box 2 Folder 6

ca.1855. 2 pieces: 2 photographs (1 copy, 1 original?)

Box 2 Folder 7

ca.1860. 1 piece: 1 photograph (subject standing)

Box 2 Folder 8

ca.1860. 2 pieces: 2 cabinet cards by Wm. Pierce

Box 2 Folder 9

ca.1865. 2 pieces: 2 cabinet cards by Wm. Pierce & A.O. Reed

Box 2 Folder 10

ca.1865. 3 pieces: 3 photographs of Pierce & Reed cabinet cards

Box 2 Folder 11

ca.1865. 5 pieces: 5 photographs (copies) of Pierce & Reed cabinet cards

Box 2 Folder 12

ca.1865. 1 piece: 1 photograph

Box 2 Folder 13

Series Description:

Includes materials concerning Leonard Woods' inauguration as President of Bowdoin College in 1839, as well as a variety of his lectures, speeches, sermons, and prayer manuscripts and notes. Also includes biographical articles and clippings on both Woods and his sister, Sophia W. Hayden.

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Materials concerning the inauguration of Leonard Woods as President of Bowdoin College, 1839

Box 2 Folder 14

Miscellaneous speeches, sermons, and prayers, ca. 1860

Box 2 Folder 15

"Address on the Opening of the New Hall of the Medical School of Maine," by Leonard Woods, D.D., 1862

Box 2 Folder 16

Newsclippings concerning the resignation of President Woods, 1866

Box 2 Folder 17

Biographical newsclippings concerning President Woods, 1879-1964

Box 2 Folder 18

"In Memoriam: Mrs. Sophia W. Hayden... [sister of President Woods]," by William B. Hayden, 1893 [copy]

Box 2 Folder 19

"Lectures by Dr. Woods on ministerial duties," n.d. [mss. copy]

Box 2 Folder 20
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