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Holman Melcher Papers M127

Title:
Holman Melcher papers
Creator:
Melcher, Holman S., (Holman Staples), 1841-1905
ID:
M127
Date [inclusive]:
1860-1865
Extent:
0.25 linear feet
Language:
English
Repository:
George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine 04011
Abstract:
Correspondence (1860-1865), Civil War records, clippings, and other material (1863-1865). Correspondence includes letters to Holman's brother Nathaniel, then a student at Bowdoin, and to his parents, written from the front lines at Fredericksburg, Antietam and other battle sites.
Preferred Citation:

Holman Melcher Papers, George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine

Holman Melcher (1841-1905), a native of Topsham, Maine, was the brother of Nathaniel Melcher (Bowdoin 1864). During the Civil War, he served with the 20th Maine Regiment at the Battle of Gettysburg. His journals, published with his letters as With a Flash of His Sword, suggest that it was he, and not Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, who led the impulsive charge that helped to rescue the Union forces. Melcher served to brevet major and was wounded in the Battle of Spotsylvania in Virginia, but survived the war.

He served as president of the 20th Maine Regiment Association (1876-1905). He was a successful wholesale grocer in Portland, Maine, and was twice elected mayor of the city (1889-1890). He married Alice Hart and had one daughter.

The collection contains correspondence (1860-1865), Civil War records, clippings, and other material (1863-1865). Correspondence includes letters to his brother Nathaniel, then a student at Bowdoin, and to his parents, written from the front lines at Fredericksburg, Antietam and other battle sites. Also included are general orders of the Army of the Potomac, and a consolidated morning report of the 20th Maine Regiment for March 21, 1863.

Correspondence: 1860 - 1861

Box 1 Folder 1

Correspondence: 1862

Box 1 Folder 2

Correspondence: 1863 Jan - Jun

Box 1 Folder 3

Correspondence: 1863 Jul - Dec

Box 1 Folder 4

Correspondence: 1864

Box 1 Folder 5

Correspondence: 1865

Box 1 Folder 6

Correspondence: partially dated

Box 1 Folder 7

Correspondence: undated sheets

Box 1 Folder 8

Consolidated Morning Report, 20th Maine Vols., 1863 Mar 21

Box 1 Folder 9

General Orders II 84 and 274, Army of the Potomac, 1863

Box 1 Folder 10

Clipping, New York Herald, 1865 Apr 15 (unauthorized reproduction)

Box 1 Folder 11
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