Summary Information

Repository
George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine 04011
Creator
Gilchrist, Huntington, 1891-1975
Title
Huntington Gilchrist papers
ID
M072
Date [inclusive]
1815-1922
Extent
2.5 linear feet
Language
Abstract
The collection contains correspondence written by various members of the Gilchrist family, letters written by or to Huntington Gilchrist while instructor of the Anglo-Chinese College in Foochow and Peking, as well as some from his later years; also includes photographs.

Preferred Citation

Huntington Gilchrist Papers, George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine


Biographical/Historical Note

Huntington Gilchrist was a journalist, political scientist, diplomat, educator and corporate executive. He was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on November 16, 1891, the son of John and Martha Hyde Huntington Gilchrist.

A graduate of Williams (B.A. 1913), Harvard (M.A. 1916), and Columbia (Ph.D. 1918), Gilchrist was a senior executive with American Cyanamid Company in New York and London (1928-1955), and he had a unique career in international relations. He was the only American to serve as a senior member of the international staffs working to establish both the League of Nations (1919-1928) and the United Nations (1944-1957). In 1949, he was persuaded by Ambassador Averell Harriman to go to Paris as Director of the Industry Division of the Marshall Plan for Europe and, beginning in 1950, served for four years as United States Minister in Brussels in charge of Plan operations in Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Belgian Congo.

Gilchrist was also one of the founders of the International School in Geneva, Switzerland, and served as chairman of its board of directors from 1960 to 1963.

Gilchrist married Elizabeth Brace, daughter of Charles Loring Brace of New York City, on October 1, 1920. They had three children. A resident of Ridgefield, Connecticut, Huntington Gilchrist died on January 13, 1975.


Scope and Content

The collection contains correspondence written by various members of the Gilchrist family (1815-1894); letters written by or to Huntington Gilchrist while instructor of the Anglo-Chinese College in Foochow and Peking (1912-1914), as well as some from his later years (through 1922); primarily to his mother, they discuss the Methodist mission in Foochow, the American Board Mission, visiting missionaries, and his trips. Gilchrist's diary, written en route from San Francisco to China (August-September, 1913), ends with his arrival at Kyoto, Japan. There are also 211 photographic negatives, mostly of China.


Administrative Information

Publication Information

 George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine 04011

3000 College Station
Brunswick, Maine, 04011
(207) 725-3288
scaref@bowdoin.edu

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.


Collection Inventory

 M072.1 Family Correspondence, 1815-1894   0.34 linear feet

Series Description:

This series contains correspondence written by members of the Gilchrist family and their friends (1815-1894). Among other topics, the letters contain personal updates and information about the Presbyterian Church in Albany, New York. Later correspondence (1891-1895) includes exchanges between John Gilchrist, his relatives, and acquaintance John G. Peters.

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Box Folder
1 1

1815 - 1822 

    1 2

    1834 - 1839 

      1 3

      1840 - 1844 

        1 4

        1888 - 1891 

          1 5

          1891 May 

            1 6

            1891 Jun - Dec 

              1 7

              1892 Feb - Jul 

                1 8

                1892 Oct 

                  1 9

                  1892 Nov 

                    1 10

                    1893 - 1894 


                       M072.2 Personal Letters 1903-1922, undated   0.66 linear feet

                      Series Description:

                      This series contains letters from Huntington Gilchrist's youth through his days as an instructor at universities in Foochow and Peking, China, including some regarding the death of his father, Reverend John Gilchrist (1903), and from his days as a student at Williams College (1912-1913). The majority are detailed exchanges between Gilchrist and his mother about his travels across the continental U.S. and East Asia (1913-1922).

                      Arrangement:

                      Arranged chronologically.

                      Access Restrictions:

                      No restrictions.

                      Box Folder
                      1 11

                      1903 Jun 

                        1 12

                        1903 Jul 

                          1 13

                          1903 Aug - Nov 

                            1 14

                            1904 - 1906 

                              1 15

                              1912 

                                1 16

                                1912 Nov 

                                  1 17

                                  1912 Dec 

                                    1 18-19

                                    1913 Jan - Feb 

                                      1 20

                                      1913 Mar 

                                        1 21

                                        1913 Apr 

                                          1 22

                                          1913 May 

                                            1 23

                                            1913 Jun - Aug 

                                              1 24

                                              1913 Sep - Dec 

                                                1 25

                                                1914 Jan - Feb 

                                                  1 26

                                                  1914 Mar - Apr 

                                                    1 27

                                                    1914 May - Jun 

                                                      1 28

                                                      1914 Jul - Aug 

                                                        1 29

                                                        1914 Sep - Oct 

                                                          1 30

                                                          1914 Nov - Dec 

                                                            1 31

                                                            1915 Jan - Mar 

                                                              1 32

                                                              1915 Apr - Jun 

                                                                1 33

                                                                1915 Jul 

                                                                  1 34

                                                                  1915 Aug - Nov 

                                                                    1 35

                                                                    1916 - 1917 

                                                                      1 36

                                                                      1920 - 1922 

                                                                        1 37

                                                                        n.d. 


                                                                           M072.3 Diary and handwritten notes, 1913, undated   0.25 linear feet

                                                                          Series Description:

                                                                          Gilchrist's diary provides a brief account of his journey from the U.S. to Foochow, China, late in the summer of 1913. Also included are newspaper clippings, lecture notes, personal notes, and business cards collected during his stay in China.

                                                                          Arrangement:

                                                                          Arranged alphabetically.

                                                                          Access Restrictions:

                                                                          No restrictions.

                                                                          Box Folder
                                                                          1 38

                                                                          Diary 1913 Aug - Sep 

                                                                            1 39

                                                                            Handwritten notes 

                                                                              1 40

                                                                              Handwritten lecture notes 

                                                                                1 41

                                                                                Notes and printed ephemera 


                                                                                   M072.4 Printed ephemera, undated   0.5 linear feet

                                                                                  Series Description:

                                                                                  This series contains maps of Japan and China, including a tourist map of Kyoto, Japan, and postcard souvenirs collected by Gilchrist during his travels through the U.S. and East Asia.

                                                                                  Arrangement:

                                                                                  Arranged alphabetically.

                                                                                  Access Restrictions:

                                                                                  No restrictions.

                                                                                  Box Folder
                                                                                  2 1

                                                                                  Maps of China and Japan 

                                                                                    2 2

                                                                                    Postcards 


                                                                                       M072.5 Photographs, undated   0.75 linear feet

                                                                                      Series Description:

                                                                                      This series contains photographs, probably taken by Gilchrist in China, including several of an unidentified woman with two children at the beach, and photos of a commencement at Foochow University. Also included are approximately 200 negatives of the Chinese countryside, local workers, Peking and Foochow University grounds, and students and faculty.

                                                                                      Arrangement:

                                                                                      Arranged by material type.

                                                                                      Access Restrictions:

                                                                                      No restrictions.

                                                                                      Box Folder
                                                                                      2 3-4

                                                                                      Photographs 

                                                                                        Box
                                                                                        3

                                                                                        Negatives