Summary Information

Repository
George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine 04011
Creator
Bridge, Horatio, 1806-1893
Title
Bridge-Maurice papers
ID
M019
Date [inclusive]
1837-1888, undated
Extent
0.5 linear feet
Language
Abstract
This collection consists of correspondence, notes, and photographs, all concerning Horatio Bridge and many involving his relationship with Nathaniel Hawthorne and the Hawthorne family.

Preferred Citation

Bridge-Maurice Papers, George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine


Biographical/Historical Note

Horatio Bridge was born in Augusta, Maine, on April 8th, 1806, to James Bridge (Bowdoin College Trustee, 1821-1834) and his wife. Entering in 1821, Bridge graduated from Bowdoin College in the class of 1825 along with Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and Bridge's life-long friend, Nathaniel Hawthorne. Although trained as a lawyer, Bridge joined the U.S. Navy in 1838 and served as Paymaster-General during the Civil War. He retired in 1868 with the rank of Commodore.

Bridge was the author of The Journal of an African Cruiser (1845), edited by Hawthorne, and Personal Recollections of Nathaniel Hawthorne (1893). He and his wife, Charlotte Marshall, had one child.

Both the Horatio Bridge Papers and the Nathaniel Hawthorne Collection complement the collection.


Scope and Content

Consists of correspondence, notes, and photographs, all concerning Horatio Bridge and many involving his relationship with Nathaniel Hawthorne and the Hawthorne family. Correspondents include Hawthorne's wife and children, as well as George Parsons Lathrop, Bridge's editor at The Atlantic Monthly, and Franklin Pierce. Also included in the collection is Bridge's copy of Journal of an African Cruiser, with holograph notes, corrections and additions by Bridge and Joseph J. Roberts, the first president of Liberia.


Administrative Information

Publication Information

 George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine 04011

3000 College Station
Brunswick, Maine, 04011
(207) 725-3288
scaref@bowdoin.edu

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Provenance

The niece of Horatio Bridge, Marian Bridge Maurice, lent the collection to Norman Holmes Pearson, author of The College Years of Nathaniel Hawthorne and an editor of Hawthorne's Letters, with the intent that it would eventually be given to Bowdoin College. The College received the collection in 1976.


Collection Inventory

 M019.1 Correspondence, 1837-1888, undated   0.45 linear feet

Series Description:

Consists of correspondence to and from Horatio Bridge, mostly concerning his relationship with Nathaniel Hawthorne and the Hawthorne family. Also included is a small cache of professional letters, including a recommendation from Franklin Pierce for Bridge as a Purser in the U.S. Navy, as well as a number pieces dating from the Civil War and correspondence with Bridge and his publishers.

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Box Folder
1 1

R. Williams to Gov. Dickinson, Augusta. March 31, 1837 [2 p.] 

    1 2

    Franklin Pierce to M. Dickerson, Hillsboro, NH. April 18, 1837 [2 p.] 

      1 3

      Isaac Hall to Horatio Bridge, Port Mahon. February 4, 1839 [1 p.] 

        1 4

        George B. Cheever to Horatio Bridge, Washington. February 25, 1845 [1 p.] 

          1 5

          Sophia Hawthorne to Horatio Bridge, [n.p.]. [1825?] [7 p.] 

            1 6

            M.C. Perry to Horatio Bridge, Parry Town, NY. August 1, 1845 [2 p.] 

              1 7

              Sophia Hawthorne to Horatio Bridge, Boston. August 11, 1845 [2 p.] 

                1 8

                Julian Hawthorne to William Pike, West Newton, Mass. March 12, 1852 [1 p.] 

                  1 9

                  Una Hawthorne to William Pike, [n.p.]. [1853?] [4 p.] 

                    1 10

                    Una Hawthorne to William Pike, Rock Park, Cheschire. November 7, 1853 [3 p.] 

                      1 11

                      W.P. Fessenden to Horatio Bridge, Portland. April 2, 1859 [3 p.] 

                        1 12

                        E. Johnson to Horatio Bridge, New York. December 28, 1859 [3 p.] 

                          1 13

                          Horatio Bridge to Charlotte Bridge, [n.p.]. July 9, 1861 [6 p.] 

                            1 14

                            Horatio Bridge to Charlotte Bridge, Washington. August 4, 1861 [5 p.] 

                              1 15

                              S.F. DuPont to Horatio Bridge, Port Royal, S.C. January 19, 1862 [6 p.] 

                                1 16

                                S.F. DuPont to Horatio Bridge, Port Royal, S.C. May 13, 1862 [6 p.] 

                                  1 17

                                  David D. Porter to Horatio Bridge, Cairo [Illinois]. November 3, 1862 [4 p.] 

                                    1 18

                                    David D. Porter to Horatio Bridge, Cairo [Illinois]. November 20, 1863 [4 p.] 

                                      1 19

                                      Sophia Hawthorne to Horatio Bridge, Concord. April 5, 1864 [8 p.] 

                                        1 20

                                        David D. Porter to Horatio Bridge, Hampton Roads. November 10, 1864 [1 p.] 

                                          1 21

                                          David D. Porter to Horatio Bridge, Cape Fear River. July 10, 1865 [4 p.] 

                                            1 22

                                            Sophia Hawthorne to Horatio Bridge, Concord. November 7, 1865 [4 p.] 

                                              1 23

                                              David D. Porter to Horatio Bridge, Annapolis. November 15, 1865 [2 p.] 

                                                1 24

                                                Sophia Hawthorne to Horatio Bridge, Concord. November 25, 1865 [7 p.] 

                                                  1 25

                                                  Sophia Hawthorne to Horatio Bridge, [Concord?]. [1865?] [4 p.] 

                                                    1 26

                                                    Sophia Hawthorne to Horatio Bridge, [Concord?]. January 19, 1865 [3 p.] 

                                                      1 27

                                                      David D. Porter to Horatio Bridge, Richmond. April 10, 1865 [4 p.] 

                                                        1 28

                                                        David D. Porter to Horatio Bridge, Annapolis. March 19, 1866 [1 p.] 

                                                          1 29

                                                          David D. Porter to Horatio Bridge, Annapolis. July 11, 1866 [3 p.] 

                                                            1 30

                                                            Sophia Hawthorne to Horatio Bridge, [n.p.]. January 2, 1867 [4 p.] 

                                                              1 31

                                                              [Josiah?] Tattnall to Horatio Bridge, Savannah. February 15, 1867 [2 p.] 

                                                                1 32

                                                                David D. Porter to Horatio Bridge, Annapolis. June 27, 1867 [2 p.] 

                                                                  1 33

                                                                  David D. Porter to Horatio Bridge, Annapolis. August 27, 1867 [2 p.] 

                                                                    1 34

                                                                    David D. Porter to Horatio Bridge, Annapolis. February 28, 1868 [6 p.] 

                                                                      1 35

                                                                      H. Powers to Horatio Bridge, [n.p.]. November 7, 1868 [1 p.] 

                                                                        1 36

                                                                        Sam P. Benson to James T. Fields, Brunswick. December 18, 1870 [4 p.] [mss. copy] 

                                                                          1 37

                                                                          Richard Manning to S.P. Hill, Salem. January 11, 1871 [8 p.] [mss. copy by Horatio Bridge] 

                                                                            1 38

                                                                            Richard Manning to Horatio Bridge, Salem. January 20, 1871 [4 p.] 

                                                                              1 39

                                                                              Richard Manning to S.P. Hill, Salem. February 9, 1871 [4 p.] [mss. copy by Horatio Bridge] 

                                                                                1 40

                                                                                Rose Hawthorne to [Elizabeth Peabody], [n.p.]. February 27, 1871 [4 p.] [mss. copy with letter from G.S. Hillard to Elizabeth Peabody, Boston. March 13, 1871] 

                                                                                  1 41

                                                                                  James T. Fields to [Horatio Bridge], Boston. February 28, 1871 [3 p.] 

                                                                                    1 42

                                                                                    Sam P. Benson to Horatio Bridge, Brunswick. March 29, 1871 [3 p.] 

                                                                                      1 43

                                                                                      C[alvin] E[llis] Stowe to Horatio Bridge, Stockbridge, Mass. April 22, 1871 [1 p.] 

                                                                                        1 44

                                                                                        Horatio Bridge to Thomas Bailey Aldrich, Athens, Pa. February 2, 1872 [2 p.] 

                                                                                          1 45

                                                                                          Horatio Bridge to G.P. Lathrop, St. James Hotel. February [?], 1875 [4 p.] [draft] 

                                                                                            1 46

                                                                                            Horatio Bridge to G.P. Lathrop, Abbott House. March 20, [1875?] [1 p.] [draft] 

                                                                                              1 47

                                                                                              G.P. Lathrop to Horatio Bridge, Cambridge, Mass. February 24, 1876 [11 p.] 

                                                                                                1 48

                                                                                                G.P. Lathrop to Horatio Bridge, Cambridge, Mass. March 8, 1876 [6 p.] 

                                                                                                  1 49

                                                                                                  Horatio Bridge to J.R. Osgood, Washington. March 20, 1876 [4 p.] 

                                                                                                    1 50

                                                                                                    G.P. Lathrop to Horatio Bridge, Cambridge, Mass. July 31, 1876 [4 p.] 

                                                                                                      1 51

                                                                                                      G.P. Lathrop to Horatio Bridge, Cambridge, Mass. April 10, 1879 [4 p.] 

                                                                                                        1 52

                                                                                                        J.R. Osgood to Horatio Bridge, [n.p.]. December 22, 1882 [1 p.] 

                                                                                                          1 53

                                                                                                          Julian Hawthorne to Horatio Bridge, New York. December 27, 1882 [2 p.] 

                                                                                                            1 54

                                                                                                            Elizabeth R. Peabody to Horatio Bridge, Boston. January [1883?] [12 p.] 

                                                                                                              1 55

                                                                                                              F.B. Goodrich to [Horatio Bridge?], New York. February 4, 1884 [1 p.] 

                                                                                                                1 56

                                                                                                                Horatio Bridge to Julian Hawthorne, [n.p.]. [January 1883?] [2 p.] [mss copy by Horatio Bridge] 

                                                                                                                  1 57

                                                                                                                  J.C. Derby to Horatio Bridge, New York. March 7, 1884 [2 p.] 

                                                                                                                    1 58

                                                                                                                    J.C. Derby to Horatio Bridge, New York. April 25, 1884 [1 p.] 

                                                                                                                      1 59

                                                                                                                      Horatio Bridge to J.C. Derby re: "Journal of an African Cruiser" [n.p.]. April 29, 1884 [4 p.] [mss. copy] 

                                                                                                                        1 60

                                                                                                                        J.C. Derby to Horatio Bridge, New York. June 6, 1884 [4 p.] 

                                                                                                                          1 61

                                                                                                                          William Hale to Horatio Bridge, Dover, N.H. December 22, 1884 [3 p.] 

                                                                                                                            1 62

                                                                                                                            G.T. Packard to Horatio Bridge, New Haven, Ct. January 17, 1888 [1 p.] 

                                                                                                                              1 63

                                                                                                                              G.P. Putnam's Sons to Horatio Bridge, New York. August 21, 1888 [2 p.] 

                                                                                                                                1 64

                                                                                                                                G.P. Putnam's Sons to Horatio Bridge, New York. August 27, 1888 [2 p.] 

                                                                                                                                  1 65

                                                                                                                                  Elizabeth R. Peabody to Horatio Bridge, Cambridge, Mass. [n.d.] [3 p.] 

                                                                                                                                    1 66

                                                                                                                                    Horatio Bridge to [?], [n.p.]. [n.d.] [1 p.] 

                                                                                                                                      1 67

                                                                                                                                      [envelope addressed to Horatio Bridge, n.d.] 


                                                                                                                                         M019.2 Other Materials, 1845-1880   0.05 linear feet

                                                                                                                                        Series Description:

                                                                                                                                        Consists of a Bridge's copy of Journal of an African Cruiser, with holograph notes, corrections and additions by Bridge and Joseph J. Roberts, the first president of Liberia, as well as his notes on Hawthorne's appointment as surveyor of customs in Salem, Massachusetts. Also included are two photographs, one of Bridge in his naval uniform and another of Bridge and his wife, Charlotte.

                                                                                                                                        Arrangement:

                                                                                                                                        Arranged by material type.

                                                                                                                                        Notes 

                                                                                                                                        Box Folder
                                                                                                                                        1 68

                                                                                                                                        Bridge's copy of "Journal of an African Cruiser" [New York: Willey & Putnam, 1845] with mss. notes, corrections and inserted additions 

                                                                                                                                          1 69

                                                                                                                                          Bridge's notes re: Hawthorne's appointment as Surveyor of Customs in Salem, Mass. [1870?] 

                                                                                                                                            Photographs 

                                                                                                                                            Box Folder
                                                                                                                                            1 70

                                                                                                                                            Bridge in navy uniform [ca. 1850] 

                                                                                                                                              1 71

                                                                                                                                              Bridge and wife in parlor [ca. 1880]