Location: Bowdoin / Library / Special Collections & Archives / Manuscript Collections / Harold Hitz Burton Papers, 1927-1968, n.d.

LibraryGeorge J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives


Harold Hitz Burton Papers, 1927-1968, n.d.


2 linear feet.

Catalog Number: M24

Series List:

h

Agency History / Biographical Note:
Harold Hitz Burton (Bowdoin 1909) was born in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, on June 22, 1888. His father, Alfred Edgar Burton (Bowdoin 1878), Dean of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Bowdoin Overseer (1905-1935), accompanied Robert E. Peary on several North Pole expeditions. His mother, Gertrude Hitz, was daughter of the first Swiss Consul General to the United States. Burton's older brother, Felix Arnold Burton (Bowdoin 1907), designed the Alpha Delta Phi House (1924) and the Class of 1907 Gateway at Bowdoin.

After graduating from Harvard Law School, Burton practiced corporate law in Cleveland, Ohio, and elsewhere. He served as an Ohio State Legislator (1929); Mayor of Cleveland (1935-1940); U.S. Senator from Ohio (1941-1945); and Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1945-1958). He taught for two years at Western Reserve University (1923-1925) and was a member of the Board of Overseers of Bowdoin College (1936-1964). In 1958 he was awarded the Bowdoin Prize.

Burton married Selma Florence Smith in 1912. They had four children: Barbara, William (Bowdoin 1937), Deborah, and Robert (Bowdoin 1943). Harold Hitz Burton died of Parkinson's disease on October 28, 1964, in Washington, D.C.

Scope and Content:
The collection consists of professional correspondence; documents concerning judicial opinions, including memoranda, drafts, and printed opinions; speeches and notes; clippings; ephemera; and photographs. Notable correspondents include Thomas C. Clark, William O. Douglas, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Felix Frankfurter, Harry S. Truman and Earl Warren.

Cite as: Harold Hitz Burton Papers, George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections, Bowdoin College Library.

Access Restrictions: None.

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