Reserves - Linking to Full Text

Journal Articles | Indexes and Databases | CBBcat (library catalog)

Before making links to individual articles from your course pages or elsewhere, please be aware that the library would like to list these readings in the Library Reserves section of the online catalog. This will assist students in finding ALL of the readings for their class in one place. You may request the addition of these links by filling out the Electronic Reserve Request form. For more information contact Amy Heggie in the Hawthorne-Longfellow library.


When you find an article in an online database, the URL that appears in your browser navigation bar may not be valid after you close the browser window. A Stable URL must be determined to provide long term linking to an article. Each database and/or vendor has a slightly different presentation and format of these URLs, which are sometimes also referred to as Durable or Persistent. Instructions for determining the Stable URL of an article from the most frequently referenced resources are linked to the database icons below.

Ensuring off campus access is a second consideration in linking journal articles. This is accomplished by prepending proxy server information to the URL link to make it Complete. A Complete URL results in a browser prompt for user name and password when necessary. The general form of the proxy server prefix for Bowdoin is:

If you have accessed a resource from off campus, the proxy information will already be contained in the URL. On campus, whether or not the URL is complete depends on the vendor. If the Stable URL listed with the resource begins with some form of this prefix, the URL is complete. Otherwise, the proxy server prefix must be prepended for off campus access to be granted.

Example Link:

The HTML to include a link to this article by title in a web page is:

<a href="">Oliver Pollock and the Free Navigation of the Mississippi River</a>

Specific Steps to Create Journal Article Links:

  • First locate the journal article to which you wish to link. Note the source database of the journal. (If you would like to know which database contains the full text of a journal, do a journal search in the library catalog, and note the "Full text available from" line.)
  • Once you have determined the source database, follow the vendor specific directions from the list below. If the source database is not on this list, contact Carr Ross in the H-L Library for further assistance.


To make links to the library's subscription databases it is best to use the URLs on this page (click on link symbol at right of database name). This assures that the URL is stable, and is accessible from both on and off campus.


It is possible to make links to the results of queries in CBBcat. For example, you could make a link to a list of English/Spanish Dictionaries.

You can link to searches in CBBcat based on any indexed field, e.g., subject, title, author, etc. All searches begin with followed by the indexed tag, a question mark, and the search terms, separated by a "+" sign where you would normally use a space. For word searches, a sort order must also be added, see examples below.

Search Index Index Tag
Author a
Title t
Subject d
Word X
Call Number c
Government Document Number g

Below are a few examples.

Author Search:



Word: (sorted by Date)
Word: (sorted by Relevance)
Word: (sorted Alphabetically)

NOTE: For title searches, it may actually be easier to link directly to the record by its OCLC number rather than by the title words. For example, the following link would also take you to the title Bat Whispers, via an OCLC number search: . To determine the OCLC number of a record, find the title, choose Marc Display, and take the number from the 001 field, which is listed at the top.

For more information or assistance in creating links to library resources, please contact Carr Ross.