Summary Information

Repository
George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine 04011
Creator
Gilchrist, William Wallace, 1879-1926
Title
William Wallace Gilchrist, Jr. collection
ID
M243
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1886-1926
Date [inclusive]
1861 - 2000, undated
Extent
1.5 linear feet
Language
Abstract
Collection of materials gathered by Robert Griffin while researching and writing his book Affectionately, Wallace (about the artist William Wallace Gilchrist, Jr.) including correspondence, family materials, information concerning Gilchrist's paintings, Griffin's research materials, and images.

Preferred Citation note

William Wallace Gilchrist, Jr., Collection, George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine.


Historical Note

William Wallace Gilchrist, Jr., was born on March 2, 1879, to Susan "Maudie" Gilchrist and William Wallace Gilchrist, Sr., a celebrated musician and composer. Gilchrist and his siblings were raised with an appreciation for the arts, and William, Jr., showed an early affinity and talent for painting. He began his formal training at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia, where he studied under some of the period's most influential artists, including Cecilia Beaux, Thomas Anshutz, and William Merritt Chase. Gilchrist also received instruction from Winslow Homer during annual summer vacations in Maine. Gilchrist married Lucretia deSchweinitz in 1901; they had three children: Peggy, Nelly, and Bill. The family settled in Philadelphia and spent time each year in Maine. Gilchrist died on November 4, 1926, of heart disease. Peggy's son, Robert Griffin, wrote Affectionately, Wallace, a biography of his grandfather, published in 2001.


Scope and Content Note

Collection of materials gathered by Robert Griffin while researching and writing Affectionately, Wallace. The collection includes correspondence, family materials, information concerning Gilchrist's paintings, Robert Griffin's research materials, and images. The correspondence is principally between family members and includes letters written to Gilchrist, Sr., while a drummer in the Civil War and a series of letters by W.W. Gilchrist, Jr., to his father during his first trip to Europe. Family materials include genealogies of the Gilchrist and deSchweinitz families, a Gilchrist family scrapbook, and a journal with poetry kept by W.W. Gilchrist, Sr. The collection also contains a comprehensive list of W.W. Gilchrist, Jr.,'s paintings with accompanying data sheets and photographs of the paintings.


Organization and Arrangement

Organized in five series: Correspondence, 1861-1992, n.d.; Family Materials, 1878-1999, n.d.; Artwork Documentation and Ephemera, 1900-2000, n.d.; Miscellaneous Research Materials, 1880-1993, n.d.; Images, 1902-1988, n.d.


Administrative Information

Publication Information

 George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine 04011 2011

3000 College Station
Brunswick, Maine, 04011
(207) 725-3288
scaref@bowdoin.edu

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.


Controlled Access Headings

Family Name(s)

  • Gilchrist family -- Correspondence.

Geographic Name(s)

  • United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Participation, Juvenile.

Personal Name(s)

  • Gilchrist, William Wallace, -- 1879-1926 -- Archives.
  • Gilchrist, William Wallace, -- 1879-1926 -- Exhibitions.
  • Gilchrist, William Wallace, 1846-1916
  • Griffin, Robert -- (Frederick Robert). -- Affectionately Wallace.

Subject(s)

  • Fine Arts
  • Painters -- United States -- Biography.
  • Painting, American, -- 20th century -- Catalogs.

Collection Inventory

 M243.1 Correspondence, 1861-1992, n.d.   0.3 linear feet

Arrangement:

By correspondence grouping as established by the collector, then chronologically.

Series Description:

Though some business letters are included, this series consists primarily of correspondence between family members. The earliest letters are written to William Wallace Gilchrist, Sr., while a drummer in the Civil War. Also included are letters written by the elder W.W. Gilchrist while in Europe in 1886 and the younger W.W. Gilchrist while in Europe in 1900-1901. Other correspondents include several generations of the Gilchrist family. The bulk of the business correspondence consists of typescripts from the Macbeth Gallery concerning W.W. Gilchrist, Jr.,'s paintings. Also included is a photocopy of a December 14, 1908, business letter from Maxfield Parrish to W.W. Gilchrist, Jr. The correspondence groupings, originally established by Gilchrist biographer Robert Griffin, have been retained. The letters appear in three forms: originals, photocopies, and typescripts, with some letters duplicated in different groupings.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Box
1

Business correspondence (originals): 

    Box Folder
    1 1

    1917-1934, letters to family members concerning library gifts, portrait payments and other business matters 

      1

      Business correspondence (photocopies): 

        1 2

        1908 Dec 14, Maxfield Parrish to W.W. Gilchrist, Jr. 

          1

          Business correspondence (typescripts): 

            1 3

            1904-1927, miscellaneous letters to and from W.W. Gilchrist, Jr., and to Mrs. Gilchrist (Lucretia) re: Gilchrist's paintings 

              1 4

              1908-1925, n.d., mainly between W.W. Gilchrist, Jr., and the Macbeth Gallery, from handwritten notes by Robert Griffin during his 1988 visit to the Smithsonian's Archives of American Art in New York 

                1

                Family correspondence (originals): 

                  1 5

                  1861-1864 letters to W.W. Gilchrist, Sr., during his teen years from his uncle and mother concerning the Civil War 

                    1 6

                    1881-1886, W.W. Gilchrist, Sr., to his wife (Maudie) and children, mainly from Europe 

                      1 7

                      1888-1904, n.d., W.W. Gilchrist, Sr., to his wife (Maudie) and children 

                        1 8

                        1900-1901 W.W. Gilchrist, Jr., to W.W. Gilchrist, Sr., from Europe 

                          1 9

                          1907-1920, letters to Anna Gilchrist many concerning the death of her brother, Charles 

                            1 10

                            1907-1983, n.d., miscellaneous family letters with the bulk from W.W. Gilchrist, Jr., to his mother (Maudie) and sister, Anna 

                              1 11

                              1922-1924, letters to Peg Gilchrist from her aunt, Anna Gilchrist, and cousin, James Stone 

                                1 12

                                1988-1992, letters to Robert Griffin. Principal correspondent, Mrs. George L. deSchweinitz ("Aunt Dorothy") 

                                  1

                                  Family correspondence (photocopies) 

                                    1 13

                                    1861-1864, letters to W.W. Gilchrist, Sr., during his teen years 

                                      1 14

                                      1881-1886, W.W. Gilchrist, Sr., to his wife and children, mainly from Europe 

                                        1 15

                                        1888-1904, n.d., W.W. Gilchrist, Sr., to his wife and children 

                                          1 16

                                          1902-1916, n.d., miscellaneous family letters, mainly to Anna Gilchrist with informal references to family history 

                                            1 17

                                            1920, n.d., letters to Anna and Ted Gilchrist, many concerning the death of their brother, Charles. Principal correspondent, Kathryn Heck, Charles' friend and business partner 

                                              Box
                                              1

                                              Family correspondence (typescripts) 

                                                Box Folder
                                                1 18

                                                1886 Jun 16, W.W. Gilchrist, Sr., to seven year old W.W. Gilchrist, Jr. (Waddie) 

                                                  1 19

                                                  1900-1901, W.W. Gilchrist, Jr., to W.W. Gilchrist, Sr., from Europe 

                                                    1 20

                                                    1900-1950,n.d., miscellaneous family letters, many to Anna Gilchrist with informal information on family history; also contains a letter from Kenneth Sills to Mrs. Gilchrist after W.W. Gilchrist, Jr.,'s death 

                                                      1 21

                                                      1920, n.d., letters to Anna and Ted Gilchrist, many concerning the death of their brother, Charles. 


                                                         M243.2 Family Materials, 1878-1999, n.d.   0.3 linear feet

                                                        Arrangement:

                                                        Alphabetical by material type.

                                                        Series Description:

                                                        This series includes genealogies of the deSchweinitz and Gilchrist families, a family scrapbook kept by Anna Gilchrist, a journal with entries and poetry by W.W. Gilchrist, Sr., and household expense books kept by W.W. Gilchrist, Jr.,'s wife, Lucretia. Also included are memorial materials for Anna Gilchrist, W.W. Gilchrist, Jr., and W.W. Gilchrist, Sr.

                                                        Access Restrictions:

                                                        No restrictions.

                                                        Box Folder
                                                        1 22

                                                        Genealogies of the Gilchrist and deSchweinitz families 

                                                          1 23

                                                          Genealogy - "Summary History of the Schweinitz Family 1350-1975" 

                                                            1 24

                                                            Handwritten poems, n.d., most by W.W. Gilchrist, Jr. 

                                                              1 25

                                                              Household expense books, 1927-1938 kept by Lucretia Gilchrist 

                                                                Volume
                                                                1

                                                                Journal and poetry of W.W. Gilchrist, Sr., 1882-1890, n.d. 

                                                                  Box Folder
                                                                  1 26

                                                                  Memorial material for Anna Gilchrist and W.W. Gilchrist, Jr., 1932-1953, n.d. 

                                                                    1 27

                                                                    Memorial material for W.W. Gilchrist, Sr., 1916, 1999, n.d. 

                                                                      1 28

                                                                      Musical material re: W.W. Gilchrist, Sr., 1915-1925, n.d. 

                                                                        Volume
                                                                        2 Folio

                                                                        Scrapbook of the Gilchrist family, 1878-1946, n.d. [extremely fragile] 


                                                                           M243.3 Artwork Documentation and Ephemera, 1900-2000, n.d.   0.5 linear feet

                                                                          Arrangement:

                                                                          Alphabetical by material type.

                                                                          Series Description:

                                                                          This series contains information and documentation specific to W.W. Gilchrist, Jr.,'s career. Copies of correspondence from the Archives of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, newspaper clippings concerning Gilchrist's exhibits and influences on his work, and exhibit catalogs are included. There is also a ledger of W.W. Gilchrist, Jr.,'s paintings kept by his sister, Anna, as well as lists of his paintings and exhibitions compiled from various sources. Also included is a comprehensive master list of Gilchrist's paintings, with accompanying data sheets and color photographs for most of the ninety-three paintings on the list.

                                                                          Access Restrictions:

                                                                          No restrictions.

                                                                          Box Folder
                                                                          1 29

                                                                          Career information for W.W. Gilchrist, Jr., 1904-1920 

                                                                            1 30

                                                                            Career information for W.W. Gilchrist, Jr., 1923-2000 

                                                                              1 31

                                                                              Career information for W.W. Gilchrist, Jr., n.d. 

                                                                                1 32

                                                                                Exhibition catalogs, 1912-1916 

                                                                                  1 33

                                                                                  Exhibition catalogs, 1917-1923 

                                                                                    1 34

                                                                                    Exhibition catalogs, 1926-1930 

                                                                                      1 35

                                                                                      Exhibition catalogs, 1984-1986 

                                                                                        1 36

                                                                                        Ledger of W.W. Gilchrist, Jr.'s, paintings kept by his sister, Anna Gilchrist 

                                                                                          1 37

                                                                                          Lists compiled from various sources, of W.W. Gilchrist, Jr.'s paintings and exhibitions where they were shown 

                                                                                            1 38

                                                                                            Master list of W.W. Gilchrist, Jr.'s paintings, numbered 1-93, with accompanying data sheet for each painting. A color photograph (most are 3x5 or smaller) of each painting also accompanies the list, with the number on the photo envelope corresponding to the number of the painting on the master list 

                                                                                              1 39-52

                                                                                              Master list photographs ref# 1-93 

                                                                                                2 1

                                                                                                Miscellaneous photographs of paintings 

                                                                                                  2 2

                                                                                                  Negatives of miscellaneous photographs of paintings 

                                                                                                    2 3

                                                                                                    Photocopies of miscellaneous Gilchrist paintings 

                                                                                                      2 4

                                                                                                      Postcards of European art and scenes, postmarked 1900, n.d. (miscellaneous, some annotated) 

                                                                                                        2 5

                                                                                                        Prints of European art and scenes (miscellaneous, not Gilchrist) 


                                                                                                           M243.4 Miscellaneous Research Materials, 1880-1993, n.d.   0.2 linear feet

                                                                                                          Arrangement:

                                                                                                          Alphabetical by material type.

                                                                                                          Series Description:

                                                                                                          This series contains materials collected by Robert Griffin, W.W. Gilchrist, Jr.,'s grandson, in the course of his research for "Affectionately, Wallace", his biography of W.W. Gilchrist, Jr., published in 2001. Includes handwritten notes, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, and extensive notes from the "Brunswick Record", 1915-1927.

                                                                                                          Access Restrictions:

                                                                                                          No restrictions.

                                                                                                          Box Folder
                                                                                                          2 6

                                                                                                          Miscellaneous notes and clippings, 1880-1993, n.d. 

                                                                                                            2 7

                                                                                                            Notes from the Brunswick Record, 1915-1927 


                                                                                                               M243.5 Images, 1902-1988, n.d.   0.2 linear feet

                                                                                                              Arrangement:

                                                                                                              Alphabetical by subject.

                                                                                                              Series Description:

                                                                                                              Images include family photographs of both the Gilchrist and deSchweinitz families as well as a full-size and a pocket-size photograph album of the Gilchrist family.

                                                                                                              Access Restrictions:

                                                                                                              No restrictions.

                                                                                                              Box Folder
                                                                                                              2 8

                                                                                                              deSchweintz family members, n.d., photographs 

                                                                                                                2 9

                                                                                                                deSchweintz and Gilchrist family members, 1902-1920, n.d., photocopies of photographs (annotated) 

                                                                                                                  2 10

                                                                                                                  Gilchrist and Cox family members, 1906, 1935, n.d.: including a photograph of Redelia Ann Cox Gilchrist 

                                                                                                                    Volume
                                                                                                                    1 Folio

                                                                                                                    Gilchrist family photograph album, 1902-1935, n.d. 

                                                                                                                      Box Folder
                                                                                                                      2 11

                                                                                                                      Gilchrist family photograph album (pocket-size), n.d. 

                                                                                                                        2 12

                                                                                                                        Miscellaneous photographs, 1911, 1960, 1988, n.d. with subject unidentified in most of the photos