In 1821 and 1823, substantial additions were made to the College Library. Through the efforts of Benjamin Vaughan (Bowd. Hon. 1812) of Hallowell, Maine, books from the library of his brother, Samuel, were deposited at the College. Many of them were works of science. More than 790 titles, including the 176 scientific works in the Bowdoin bequest, are in Special Collections today. The Main and Hatch Libraries also hold numerous other nineteenth-century works.
Notable works include:
Opera, Basel, 1544, which was the first Greek edition of his works.
Opticks, 1704, first printing, first issue
Some Account of the Success of Inoculation for the Small-Pox in England and America ..., London, 1759
Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 1749-1803, first edition
Papers on resolving the photoelectric effect and on the special theory of relativity in Annalen der Physik, Band 17 and 49, 1905 and 1916
The Birds of Great Britain, London, 1873, 5 v.; and A Century of Birds From the Himalaya Mountains, London, 1831.
American Ornithology, the first three volumes, 1808-11, is in the Bowdoin Collection.
De Historia Stirpium Commentarii Insignes, Lugduni, 1551
Caroli Clvse Atrebatis … Rariorvm Plantarvm Historia, ex officina Plantiniana apud Ioannem Moretum, 1601
Musci Exotici ..., London, 1818
See also the following manuscript collections:
The College owns a small but distinguished collection of Audubon's works comprised of his Birds of America, London, 1827-38; the Ornithological Biography, Edinburgh, 1831-39; and the octavo edition of the Birds of America, New York and Philadelphia, 1840-44. These first editions are supplemented by other fine or unusual reproductions of the Birds and a few related manuscript pieces.