Summary Information

Repository
George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine 04011
Title
Leonard Woods, Administrative Records, [1828]-1866, undated
ID
1.2.4
Date [inclusive]
1828-1866
Extent
1.5 linear feet.
Language
English

Preferred Citation

Cite as: Leonard Woods, Administrative Records, George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine


Biographical/Historical Note

Leonard Woods (1807-1878), served as Bowdoin's fourth president from 1839 until 1866. Woods presided over an ambitious building program on campus that included the construction of the Chapel, Appleton Hall, Adams Hall, and Memorial Hall. The Declaration of Denominational Status of 1846, and the investigation of the burning of the College's wood yard in the same year, were issues during Woods' presidency.


Scope and Content

The papers contain general correspondence concerning College affairs and three series of material on specific issues. One series consists of a group of depositions taken from all the students at the College in 1846 just after the wood yard burned on the night of October 29. One student was eventually dismissed for his alleged involvement in the incident.

Another series concerns the Declaration of Denominational Status, also of 1846. This issue revolved around the status of the College as a Congregationalist institution. The Declaration however, was used primarily as a means of raising the funds necessary to build a new chapel.

The final series is a collection of correspondence relating to the construction of the Chapel, including discussions with architect Richard Upjohn, about interior and exterior design.

Most primary source material concerning the early administration of the College is found in the records of the Board of Trustees or in the Records of the Faculty which includes the records of the Executive Government. For related Leonard Woods materials, see the Leonard Woods Collection.


Administrative Information

Publication Information

 George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives, Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Maine 04011

3000 College Station
Brunswick, Maine, 04011
(207) 725-3288
scaref@bowdoin.edu

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.


Collection Inventory

1.2.4.1: General Correspondence, 1839-1866   0.5 linear feet.

Series Description:

General correspondence concerning the administration of the College. The series includes an annual list of graduating seniors, various student petitions, and reports of disciplinary decisions. Two issues that appear throughout the correspondence are the possible establishment of a law school at Bowdoin (1850-1861) and the filling of a professorship of Theology (1848-1858).

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Box Folder
1 1

1839, Presidential inauguration of Leonard Woods 

1 2

[ca. 1839 - 1866] Partial draft re: President Leonard Woods and Phi Beta Kappa of Bowdoin 

1 3

1839 May 15, Joseph McKeen's letter re: burning of the President's house 

1 4

1839 Aug 28, John Howorth's letter re: restoration of paintings in gallery 

1 5

1839 Sep 2, Lists and certificates re: the graduating senior class 

1 6

[1840 Sep], Student petition for improvement of College grounds 

1 7

1840 Sep, Lists and certificates re: the graduating senior class 

1 8

[ca. 1840 Sep 2], Draft of letter from Board of Overseers to President Woods re: his leave of absence 

1 9

1840 Sep 2, Report of excuses from commencement parts 

1 10

1840 Sep 2, Committee meeting on President Wood's leave of absence 

1 11

1840 Oct 24, Phi Beta Kappa correspondence, 1840 - 1843 

1 12

1841 Sep 1, Lists and certificates re: the graduating senior class 

1 13

[1841?] Oct 29, Remarks re: separation of the College from the State of Maine under the Act of Separation 

1 14

1841 Dec 11, Letter of praise for Mr. Homan, artist 

1 15

1842 April, Reply to George Evans on the methods of discipline at the College 

1 16

1842 April 21, Letter concerning riotous acts of students 

1 17

1842 May 4, Vote of the committee to expel Endicott King 

1 18

1842 Sep 7, Lists and certificates re: the graduating senior class 

1 19

1843 Jul 10, Letter from Benjamin W. Norris to William B. Snell concerning entrance to Bowdoin from Waterville College 

1 20

1843 Aug 15, Draft of recommendation that Massachusetts Legislature give assent to Act of Separation 

1 21

1843 [Sep ?], List re: the graduating senior class 

1 22

1843 Oct 30, Petition concerning off campus rooming facilities 

1 23

ca. 1843, Student petitions 

1 24

1844, Letter from Samuel J. Anderson to the faculty concerning his drinking misdemeanor 

1 25

[1844] Letter from Samuel M[artin] Weston to [Leonard Woods] re: Weston's role in the drinking misdemeanor of Samuel Jameson Anderson 

1 26

1844 Feb -Dec, Phi Beta Kappa correspondence 

1 27

[ca. 1844 Apr 26] Petition of students re: "Yaggers" and explanation of petition 

1 28

[ca. 1844 June 17] Letter from Samuel H. Taylor et al. re: admission standards of New England colleges 

1 29

1844 Aug 8, Letter to the College from the ladies of Brunswick discussing student patriotism 

1 30

1844 Aug 26, Portland - awarding of literary prizes 

1 31

1844 Sep 4, List re: the graduating senior class 

1 32

1844 Sep 28, Letter from William Anderson concerning the behavior of his son and ward 

1 33

1845 Jul 2, Letter from C.S. Daveis to President Woods concerning the laying of the Chapel cornerstone 

1 34

1845 Sep 2, Librarian's certificate 

1 35

1845 Sep 3, List re: the graduating senior class 

1 36

1846 Sep 2, List re: the graduating senior class 

1 37

1847 Aug, Report of studies 

1 38

1840's/1850's, Concerning the Collins Professorship of Theology 

1 39

1847 Jan 1, Subscription of Bowdoin College 

1 40

1847 Nov 15, Correspondence re: debt of the Peucinian Society 

1 41-42

1848 Jul 18, Statements and affidavits re: damage to the Chapel and bell on July [7?] 1848 

1 43

1848 Aug 19, Letters concerning the formation of secret societies 

1 44

1848 Sep, Lists and certificates re: the graduating senior class 

1 45

1848 Sep 4, Letter from Mr. Ellingwood discussing the installment of a theology professor 

1 46

1849 Mar, accounts of rabble rousing 

1 47

1849 Aug, Report of the examining committee 

1 48

1849 Sep 5, List re: the graduating senior class 

1 49

Pre 1850, National political opinion- unity of the New England states 

1 50

Pre 1850, Copy of letter re: professorship of Calvin E. Stowe 

1 51

1850's, Department of Rhetoric material 

1 52

1850 Jan 30, Correspondence concerning the establishment of a law school at Bowdoin 

1 53

1850 Jun 14, Correspondence considering the establishment of a law school at Bowdoin 

1 54

1850 Aug 9, Correspondence re: establishment of a law school at Bowdoin 

1 55

1850 Sep, Material re: Theology department and Collins professorship 

1 56

1851 Feb 4, Correspondence re: establishment of a law school at Bowdoin 

1 57

1851 Sep 3, Committee report on the establishment of a law department 

1 58

[ca. 1852] Letter from Charles S. Daveis re: his resignation as Phi Beta Kappa president 

1 59

1852 Mar, Material re: celebration of Semi-centennial of Bowdoin College 

1 60

1852 Mar 23, Petition of the sophomore class to not recite a certain rhetoric lesson 

1 61

1852 Jun 7, Recommendation for Roswell D. Hitchcock as Professor of Religion 

1 62

1852 Jun 10, Letters from Roswell D. Hitchcock re: position of Professor of Theology at Bowdoin College 

1 63

1852 Jul 1, Letter from C. E. Stowe concerning the Collins Professorship of Theology 

1 64

1852 Aug, Lists re: the graduating senior class 

1 65

1853 Feb 1, Letters re: the will and estate of Mark H. Newman 

1 66

[post 1853] Manuscript re: history of Phi Beta Kappa of Bowdoin College 

1 67

[ca. 1854 Mar 17] Appointment of Professor Hitchcock to the Professorship of Theology 

1 68

1854 Jun, Photocopy of expense account re: committee on their passage to Bath (Original in Hubbard Papers: John B. Hubbard, Miscellaneous Bowdoin documents) 

1 69

[ca. 1854 Jul 6], Report of Conversation with Professor Upham (plus draft) 

1 70

1854 Jul 27, List re: the graduating senior class 

1 71

1855 Jul 27, Egbert C. Smyth/ Jonathan Clement correspondence re: Collins professorship 

1 72

1857 Mar 31, Senior petition for President Woods to deliver a sermon before commencement 

1 73

1857 Aug 28, Letter from Dr. Tappan concerning the Collins Professorship of Theology 

1 74

[n.d.], Concerning the status of the College without Professor Cleaveland and a wish to remove President Woods 

1 75

1857, Correspondence of Nathan Weston re: Allen v. McKeen 

1 76

1857?, R.H. Gardiner's[?] statement concerning the status of the boards 

1 77

1858 Jul 2, Account of the origins of the Thorndike Oak 

1 78

1859 Mar 29, Bangor, Considerations of the establishment of the law school 

1 79

1859 Jul 12 and 20, Correspondence of David Pulsifer and J. Thornton 

1 80

1858, Collins Professorship of Theology 

1 81

1859 Jul 30, Report of visiting committee members- Abbott and Woodhull- to C. S. Daveis 

1 82

1860 Feb 3, Cleaveland estate: The Cleaveland cabinet 

1 83

1860 Mar 12, Settlement of Parker Cleaveland's will: The Cleaveland cabinet 

1 84

1860 Jul 24, Re: attending examination of lower classes 

1 85-88

1861, Correspondence on the establishment of a law school at Bowdoin and to have Judge Redfield as first professor 

1 89

1862 Oct 16, regarding Professor Smyth (recommendation) 

1 90

1863 Jul 31, Resignation of Egbert C. Smyth from the professorship of religion 

1 91

1864 Report of the Visiting Committee 

1 92

1864 Aug 2, Statement of Henry H. Boody's gift to the college (2 copies) 

1 93

1865, Correspondence concerning Boody's donation 

1 94

1866 Nov 13, Evans on Boody's subscription 


1.2.4.2: Papers concerning the Burning of the Wood Yard, 1846-1849, undated   0.25 linear feet.

Series Description:

Affidavits and related documentation concerning the incident of the burning of the College woodyard on October 29, 1846. All the students of the College were interviewed and asked to describe their actions and activities on the night in question. William Cutter Ten Broeck was implicated at one point during the investigation, but not dismissed. Another student, Charles E. Clifford, paid $400 in damages to the College, and was ultimately dismissed for his alleged involvement in the incident. In 1902 however, Clifford was granted an A.B. from Bowdoin as of 1849.

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically, and by class.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Box Folder
2 1

1846, Statements concerning the bonfire 

2 2

1846, Questions concerning the burning of the woodpile 

2 3

1846 ?, Letter from President Woods to Clifford's father, Nathan Clifford 

2 4

1846 Oct 29-30, Evidence and inquiry about the burning of the woodpile 

2 5

1846 Nov, Accounts of the burning of the woodshed 

2 6

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- freshmen: Abbot, John P. - Bulfinch John J. (not included: Abbot, John P.) 

2 7

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- freshmen: Burr, Samuel C. - Chamberlain, Henry L. 

2 8

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- freshmen: Everett, Charles C. - Harding, Henry F. (not included: Goodwin, George) 

2 9

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- freshmen: Hodgeman, Samuel L. - Kelly, Edward A. (not included: Ingraham, Daniel) 

2 10

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- freshmen: McArthur, Arthur - Vose, George H. (not included: McArthur, Arthur; Morrill, Abner; Perley, Peleg; Perry, Trueman; Vose, George) 

2 11

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodpile: affidavits- sophomores: Adams, Zabdiel B. - Greene, Charles F.H. (not included: Adams, Zabdiel; Burbank, Augustus; Clifford, Charles; Cothren, Nathaniel) 

2 12

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodpile: affidavits- sophomores: Hinkley, Eugene - Jackson, George E.B. (not included: Hinkley, Eugene) 

2 13

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodpile: affidavits- sophomores: Jennings, Orville - Paine, John St. Clare (not included: Mitchell, Ammi) 

2 14

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- sophomores: Palmer, Edward S. - Robinson, George O. 

2 15

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- sophomores: St. Clair, William H. - Wakefield, George H. (not included: Thompson, Robert R.) 

2 16

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits - sophomores: Wasson, David A. - Williamson, Joseph Jr. (not included: Williamson, Joseph Jr.) 

2 17

1846 Nov, Wasson's account of the burning of the woodshed to the President 

2 18

1846 Nov, Questions and answers for Wasson discussing the burning of the woodshed 

2 19

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- juniors: Allen, Augustus O. - Anderson Edward W. 

2 20

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- juniors: Bartlett, Edwin W.- Fairfield, George A. (not included: Burbank, Adino; Dinsmore, John) 

2 21

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- juniors: Fales, David - Hallett, Julius L. (not included: Fitch, Andrew; Fox, William) 

2 22

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- juniors: Hawkins, Dexter A. - Merrick, Charles F. (not included: Hayes, Edmund; Marshall, Thomas) 

2 23

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- juniors: Morton, Edward W. - Pond, William C. (not included: Packard, Eliphalet; Page, Alpheus; Perkins, Thatcher) 

2 24

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- juniors: Rich, Thomas H. - Stanton, Benjamin 

2 25

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- juniors: Stevens, Oliver - Williams, Hezekiah (not included: Stevens, Oliver; Thornton, Albert; Washburn, Charles; Williams, Hezebekiah) 

2 26

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- seniors: Alden, Walter B. - Leonard, Edwin (not included: Baker, William; Barrett, Charles; Boody, Alvin; Eveleth, Samuel; Fossett, Henry; Hatch, Samuel; Kilby, John) 

2 27

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- seniors: McDougall, Charles E. - Merrill, Samuel N. (not included: Merrill, Samuel) 

2 28

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- seniors: Metcalf, Isaac S. - Richardson, George N. (not included: Metcalf, Isaac; Nason, Joseph; Pike, Samuel; Rice, Richard) 

2 29

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- seniors: Smith, John C. - Williams, Albert N. (not included: Stanchfield, Anson; Vose, Frank; Wells, Howard; Wheeler, Crosby; Williams, Albert) 

2 30

1846 Nov, Burning of the woodshed: affidavits- unknown authors 

2 31

1846 Nov, Clifford's statements concerning the burning of the woodshed 

2 32

1846 Nov 5, Letter discussing the case of the burning of the woodshed 

2 33

[ca. 1846 Nov 7], Student affidavits concerning a fire explosion 

2 34

1846 Nov 12, 14, Accounts of the burning of the woodshed by Ten Broeck and [Jennings?] 

2 35

1846 Nov 14, 18, Letters from Wasson, Jennings, and Ten Broeck asking Clifford to confess 

2 36

1846 Nov 18, 23, 25, Letters from Clifford to Wasson, Jennings, and Ten Broeck pleading his innocence 

2 37

1846 Nov 20, Ten Broeck's response to Clifford's plea of innocence 

2 38

1849 Mar 12, Affidavits on the burning of the woodyard 

2 39

n.d., Regarding dismissal from Bowdoin 


1.2.4.3: Papers concerning the Declaration of Denominational Status, 1840-1866, undated   0.25 linear feet.

Series Description:

Correspondence and related documentation concerning the Declaration of Denominational Status. This document reiterated the College's Congregational character, but declined to support any official connection with the Church. The material contains manuscript copies of the Declaration, as well as correspondence with members of the Governing Boards and other interested people concerning the Declaration and its impact on the College.

Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions.

Box Folder
3 1

1840 Nov 14, Typewritten correspondence - the Declaration of Denominational Status 

3 2

1846 Aug, Letter from President Woods to Mr. Gardiner re: denominational status of Bowdoin College 

3 3

1846 Aug 1, Letters concerning denominational status opinions 

3 4

1846 Aug 1, Letter from Professor Upham to President Woods: financial considerations of the denominational declaration 

3 5

1846 Sept 2, Original Declaration of Denominational Status, plus two manuscript copies 

3 6

1846 Sep 26 and 1847 Mar 13, Letters from C. S. Daveis to Leonard Woods re: Declaration of Denominational Status 

3 7

1846 Sep 27, Concerning the declaration of denominational character for the College 

3 8

1846 Nov, Copies of letters by Professor Upham concerning denominational position 

3 9

[ca. 1846 Nov 3], Mr. Ellingwood's statement concerning the Declaration of Denominational Status 

3 10

1846 Nov 8, Original and manuscript copy of Amos D. Wheeler letter re: denominational status 

3 11

1846 Nov 14, Correspondence of Robert H. Gardiner and Leonard Woods re: Declaration of Denominational Status 

3 12

1846 Nov 16, Correspondence of George Evans re: Declaration of Denominational Status 

3 13

1846 Nov 24, Mr. Gardiner's letter on his view of denominational status 

3 14

[1846, post Nov 24], Re: R.H. Gardiner's objections to the Declaration of Denominational Status 

3 15

1846 Nov 28, Letter from Professor Upham to Gardiner for the signing of the denominational declaration 

3 16

1846 Nov 29, Copy of Leonard Woods letter to R.H. Gardiner re: Declaration of Denominational Status; and Gardiner's reply 

3 17

1846 Dec 5, Daniel Goodenow letter re: his signing the Declaration of Denominational Status 

3 18

1846 Dec 29, R. H. Gardiner letter re: his opinions of the Declaration of Denominational Status 

3 19

1847 Jan 10, Letters from C. S. Daveis to Gardiner discussing the College's denominational status with a response from Gardiner 

3 20

1847 March 15, Letters concerning viewpoints toward other denominations other than Orthodox Congregationalist 

3 21

1847 Aug 30, Report of Mr. Ellington on the schedule of College needs in connection with the denominational declaration 

3 22

1847 Oct 19, Henry Gassett to Leonard Woods re: Gassett's concern about the connection of the Freemasons with Bowdoin College 

3 23

1847 Nov 8, Leonard Woods: summary of events re: Declaration of Denominational Status 

3 24

1848 Sep 4, Statement against the Declaration of Denominational Status 

3 25

1852 June 14, Letter from Asa Cummings re: opposition to the Declaration of Denominational Status 

3 26

1856 Aug 9, Abstract of correspondence concerning denominational position 

3 27

1857, Account of denominational status proceedings 

3 28

1857, Correspondence re: the Declaration 

3 29

1857 (before commencement), Effects of the Declaration 

3 30

1857 Sept 24, Summary of the Declaration, views and outcomes 

3 31-34

1857 Nov, Opinions and statements concerning the denominational declaration 

3 35

1857 Dec 3, Professor Smyth to R. H. Gardiner - Declaration 

3 36

1858 Jan 11, Views of denominational declaration 

3 37

1858 [?] May, Statement to the Boards about denominational declaration (rough drafts also included) 

3 38

1858 Jul 3, John S. C. Abbott's statement of Congregational control of the College 

3 39

1858 Nov, Clippings concerning the Congregational denomination 

3 40

1860 Aug 2, Commencement address concerning the denominational declaration 

3 41

1864 Aug 25, New York- Henry H. Boody's statement re: the denominational declaration 

3 42

1866 Oct 20, Letter concerning the denominational status 

3 43-44

n.d., Concerning the denominational status 

3 45

n.d., Accounts of the denominational declaration proceedings (rough draft included) 

3 46

n.d., Account of the proceedings over denominational status 

3 47

n.d., Mr. Tenney's statement on the controversy of the Declaration of Denominational Status 


1.2.4.4: Chapel Papers, [1828]-1862, undated   0.5 linear feet.

Series Description:

Papers relating to the construction of the College Chapel. There are a number of letters from the architect, Richard Upjohn, to Leonard Woods concerning the design and cost of the building. There are transcripts of some correspondence. A chronological list of correspondence and alphabetical list of correspondents is in the first folder of the box.

Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by material type, then chronologically.

Access Restrictions:

Photocopying of New York Public Library material is not permitted.

Box Folder
4 1

Correspondence: Alphabetical and chronological list of correspondents 

4 2.

Correspondence: [1828]-1839 

4 3

Correspondence: [1828]-1839, typescripts 

4 4

Correspondence: 1842-1845 

4 5

Correspondence: 1842-1845, typescripts 

4 6

Correspondence: 1846-1847 Jul 

4 7

Correspondence: 1846-1847 Jul, typescripts 

4 8

Correspondence: 1847 Aug - 1847 Dec 

4 9

Correspondence: 1847 Aug - 1847 Dec, typescripts 

4 10

Correspondence: 1848 Jan - 1848 May 

4 11

Correspondence: 1848 Jan - 1848 May, typescripts 

4 12

Correspondence: 1848 May - 1848 Oct 

4 13

Correspondence: 1848 May - 1848 Oct, typescripts 

4 14

Correspondence: 1850-1851 

4 15

Correspondence: 1850-1851, typescripts 

4 16

Correspondence: 1852 Jan - 1852 May 

4 17

Correspondence: 1852 Jan - 1852 May, typescripts 

4 18

Correspondence: 1852 Jun - 1852 Aug 

4 19

Correspondence: 1852 Jun - 1852 Aug, typescripts 

4 20

Correspondence: 1853-1862 

4 21

Correspondence: 1853-1862, typescripts 

4 22

Correspondence: undated 

4 23

Correspondence: undated, typescripts 

4 24

Financial material: 1839-1855 

4 25

Financial material: 1839-1855, typescripts 

4 26

Financial material: undated 

4 27

Financial material: undated, typescripts 

4 28

Miscellaneous: Various handwritten material, 1839, 1847, n.d. 

4 29

Newspaper clippings: Regarding the dedication of the Chapel, 1855 

4 30

Richard Upjohn correspondence - New York Public Library: Photocopies of Upjohn correspondence, 1846, 1847, 1853 in the New York Public Library [No photocopying permitted from this folder] 

4 31

Richard Upjohn correspondence - New York Public Library: Transcripts of Upjohn correspondence, 1844-1852 in the New York Public Library [No photocopying permitted from this folder]